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Understanding Naturalism

Author : Jack Ritchie
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-12-05
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9781317493570

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Book Understanding Naturalism Description/Summary:

Many contemporary Anglo-American philosophers describe themselves as naturalists. But what do they mean by that term? Popular naturalist slogans like, "there is no first philosophy" or "philosophy is continuous with the natural sciences" are far from illuminating. "Understanding Naturalism" provides a clear and readable survey of the main strands in recent naturalist thought. The origin and development of naturalist ideas in epistemology, metaphysics and semantics is explained through the works of Quine, Goldman, Kuhn, Chalmers, Papineau, Millikan and others. The most common objections to the naturalist project - that it involves a change of subject and fails to engage with "real" philosophical problems, that it is self-refuting, and that naturalism cannot deal with normative notions like truth, justification and meaning - are all discussed. "Understanding Naturalism" distinguishes two strands of naturalist thinking - the constructive and the deflationary - and explains how this distinction can invigorate naturalism and the future of philosophical research.

Understanding Naturalism

Author : Jack Ritchie
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-12-05
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9781317493587

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Book Understanding Naturalism Description/Summary:

Many contemporary Anglo-American philosophers describe themselves as naturalists. But what do they mean by that term? Popular naturalist slogans like, "there is no first philosophy" or "philosophy is continuous with the natural sciences" are far from illuminating. "Understanding Naturalism" provides a clear and readable survey of the main strands in recent naturalist thought. The origin and development of naturalist ideas in epistemology, metaphysics and semantics is explained through the works of Quine, Goldman, Kuhn, Chalmers, Papineau, Millikan and others. The most common objections to the naturalist project - that it involves a change of subject and fails to engage with "real" philosophical problems, that it is self-refuting, and that naturalism cannot deal with normative notions like truth, justification and meaning - are all discussed. "Understanding Naturalism" distinguishes two strands of naturalist thinking - the constructive and the deflationary - and explains how this distinction can invigorate naturalism and the future of philosophical research.

Naturalism

Author : Stewart Goetz,Charles Taliaferro
Publisher : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
Release : 2008-04-29
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9780802807687

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Book Naturalism Description/Summary:

Argues against naturalism, or the idea that natural physical processes explain everything, the mind and soul do not exist, and consciousness and causality may have no basis, and suggests that it does not account for human--or any--action.

Articulating the World

Author : Joseph Rouse
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2015-11-13
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9780226293707

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Book Articulating the World Description/Summary:

Naturalism as a guiding philosophy for modern science both disavows any appeal to the supernatural or anything else transcendent to nature, and repudiates any philosophical or religious authority over the workings and conclusions of the sciences. A longstanding paradox within naturalism, however, has been the status of scientific knowledge itself, which seems, at first glance, to be something that transcends and is therefore impossible to conceptualize within scientific naturalism itself. In Articulating the World, Joseph Rouse argues that the most pressing challenge for advocates of naturalism today is precisely this: to understand how to make sense of a scientific conception of nature as itself part of nature, scientifically understood. Drawing upon recent developments in evolutionary biology and the philosophy of science, Rouse defends naturalism in response to this challenge by revising both how we understand our scientific conception of the world and how we situate ourselves within it.

Naturalistic Explanation in Spinoza's Ethics

Author : Harvey Shoolman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-08-15
Category : Ethics
ISBN : 1498588018

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Book Naturalistic Explanation in Spinoza's Ethics Description/Summary:

Spinoza's naturalism is unique. It explains conscious mind, physical behavior, and scientific, cultural, social and political phenomena by recourse to the deductive relation of causes to effects as expressed by Nature itself. This book provides an innovative and original interpretation of the way in which Spinoza achieved this unique vision.

Between Naturalism and Religion

Author : Jürgen Habermas
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-11-06
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9780745694603

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Book Between Naturalism and Religion Description/Summary:

Two countervailing trends mark the intellectual tenor of our age – the spread of naturalistic worldviews and religious orthodoxies. Advances in biogenetics, brain research, and robotics are clearing the way for the penetration of an objective scientific self-understanding of persons into everyday life. For philosophy, this trend is associated with the challenge of scientific naturalism. At the same time, we are witnessing an unexpected revitalization of religious traditions and the politicization of religious communities across the world. From a philosophical perspective, this revival of religious energies poses the challenge of a fundamentalist critique of the principles underlying the modern Wests postmetaphysical understanding of itself. The tension between naturalism and religion is the central theme of this major new book by Jürgen Habermas. On the one hand he argues for an appropriate naturalistic understanding of cultural evolution that does justice to the normative character of the human mind. On the other hand, he calls for an appropriate interpretation of the secularizing effects of a process of social and cultural rationalization increasingly denounced by the champions of religious orthodoxies as a historical development peculiar to the West. These reflections on the enduring importance of religion and the limits of secularism under conditions of postmetaphysical reason set the scene for an extended treatment the political significance of religious tolerance and for a fresh contribution to current debates on cosmopolitanism and a constitution for international society.

Religion and Scientific Naturalism

Author : David Ray Griffin
Publisher : SUNY Press
Release : 2000-05-18
Category : Science
ISBN : 0791445631

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Book Religion and Scientific Naturalism Description/Summary:

Articulates a metaphysical position capable of rendering both science and religious experience simultaneously and mutually intelligible.

Naturalism and Normativity

Author : Mario De Caro,David Macarthur
Publisher : Columbia University Press
Release : 2010-08-11
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780231134668

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Book Naturalism and Normativity Description/Summary:

Normativity concerns what we ought to think or do and the evaluations we make. For example, we say that we ought to think consistently, we ought to keep our promises, or that Mozart is a better composer than Salieri. Yet what philosophical moral can we draw from the apparent absence of normativity in the scientific image of the world? For scientific naturalists, the moral is that the normative must be reduced to the nonnormative, while for nonnaturalists, the moral is that there must be a transcendent realm of norms. Naturalism and Normativity engages with both sides of this debate. Essays explore philosophical options for understanding normativity in the space between scientific naturalism and Platonic supernaturalism. They articulate a liberal conception of philosophy that is neither reducible to the sciences nor completely independent of them-yet is one that maintains the right to call itself naturalism. Contributors think in new ways about the relations among the scientific worldview, our experience of norms and values, and our movements in the space of reason. Detailed discussions include the relationship between philosophy and science, physicalism and ontological pluralism, the realm of the ordinary, objectivity and subjectivity, truth and justification, and the liberal naturalisms of Donald Davidson, John Dewey, John McDowell, and Ludwig Wittgenstein.

A Naturalistic Introduction to Philosophy

Author : Amir Salehi
Publisher : Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Release : 2016-03-03
Category : Naturalism
ISBN : 1979492883

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Book A Naturalistic Introduction to Philosophy Description/Summary:

A Naturalistic Introduction to Philosophy introduces several crucial topics required for Philosophy 101 sections, as well as basic definitions and concepts that all freshman must know to be successful in learning philosophy, in a more systematic and methodical way. Although the main objective of the book remains to highlight the differences between traditional philosophy and naturalistic philosophy, several philosophical disciplines such as Ethics, Metaphysics and Epistemology are discussed from a naturalistic point of view, including a side-by-side comparison, contrasting methodological differences between a naturalistic approach and "the traditional approach," resulting in a deeper understanding of Euro-centrism and its claims.

Naturalism in American Fiction

Author : John J. Conder
Publisher : University Press of Kentucky
Release : 2021-03-17
Category : Literary Criticism
ISBN : 9780813181912

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Book Naturalism in American Fiction Description/Summary:

In this closely reasoned study, John J. Conder has created a new and more vital understanding of naturalism in American literature. Moving from the Hobbesian dilemma between causation and free will down through Bergson's concept of dual selves, Conder defines a view of determinism so rich in possibilities that it can serve as the inspiration of literary works of astonishing variety and unite them in a single, though developing, naturalistic tradition in American letters. At the heart of this book, beyond its philosophic discussion, is Conder's reading of key works in the naturalistic canon, beginning with Stephen Crane's "The Open Boat" and "The Blue Hotel." The special character of determinism in Crane is, Conder holds, the source of his complexity and striking originality. He finds a stricter determinism in Norris's McTeague. In Dreiser, however, the naturalistic tradition develops toward a fusion of determinism and freedom in a single work, and this fusion in a different guise operates in Dos Passos's view of self in Manhattan Transfer. With Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath the uniting of determinism and freedom finds its fullest realization in the concept of dual selves, one determined, one free. In Faulkner's The Sound and the Fury and Absalom, Absalom! the concept of the dual self appears in its most complex form. The developments in the work of Steinbeck and Faulkner, Conder believes, bring the classic phase of American literary naturalism to a close. Naturalism in American Fiction illuminates a group of major literary works and revives a theoretic consideration of naturalism. It thus makes a fundamental contribution to American studies.

Articulating the World

Author : Joseph Rouse
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2015-11-13
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9780226293844

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Book Articulating the World Description/Summary:

"Naturalism both disavows any appeal to the supernatural or anything else transcendent to nature, and repudiates any philosophical or religious authority over the workings and conclusions of the sciences. Paradoxically, however, scientific knowledge itself appears to transcend nature, seemingly making it impossible to conceptualize within scientific naturalism. In Articulating the World, Joseph Rouse takes up this challenge, drawing on recent developments in evolutionary biology and the philosophy of science to defend naturalism by revising both how we understand our scientific conception of the world and how we situate ourselves within it"--

Naturalism and Religion

Author : Graham Oppy
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-05-20
Category : Religion
ISBN : 9780429947209

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Book Naturalism and Religion Description/Summary:

This book guides readers through an investigation of religion from a naturalistic perspective and explores the very meaning of the term ‘religious naturalism’. Oppy considers several widely disputed claims: that there cannot be naturalistic religion; that there is nothing in science that poses any problems for naturalism; that there is nothing in religion that poses any serious challenges to naturalism; and that there is a very strong case for thinking that naturalism defeats religion. Naturalism and Religion: A Contemporary Philosophical Investigation is an ideal introduction for undergraduate and postgraduate students of religious studies and philosophy who want to gain an understanding of the key themes and claims of naturalism from a religious and philosophical perspective.

Transcendence and Non-Naturalism in Early Chinese Thought

Author : Alexus McLeod,Joshua R. Brown
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2020-09-03
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9781350082540

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Book Transcendence and Non-Naturalism in Early Chinese Thought Description/Summary:

Contemporary scholars of Chinese philosophy often presuppose that early China possessed a naturalistic worldview, devoid of any non-natural concepts, such as transcendence. Challenging this presupposition head-on, Joshua R. Brown and Alexus McLeod argue that non-naturalism and transcendence have a robust and significant place in early Chinese thought. This book reveals that non-naturalist positions can be found in early Chinese texts, in topics including conceptions of the divine, cosmogony, and apophatic philosophy. Moreover, by closely examining a range of early Chinese texts, and providing comparative readings of a number of Western texts and thinkers, the book offers a way of reading early Chinese Philosophy as consistent with the religious philosophy of the East and West, including the Abrahamic and the Brahmanistic religions. Co-written by a philosopher and theologian, this book draws out unique insights into early Chinese thought, highlighting in particular new ways to consider a range of Chinese concepts, including tian, dao, li, and you/wu.

Working from Within

Author : Sander Verhaegh
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2018-11-07
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780190913182

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Book Working from Within Description/Summary:

During the past few decades, a radical shift has occurred in how philosophers conceive of the relation between science and philosophy. A great number of analytic philosophers have adopted what is commonly called a "naturalistic" approach, arguing that their inquiries ought to be in some sense continuous with science. Where early analytic philosophers often relied on a sharp distinction between science and philosophy--the former an empirical discipline concerned with fact, the latter an a priori discipline concerned with meaning--philosophers today largely follow Willard Van Orman Quine (1908-2000) in his seminal rejection of this distinction. Sander Verhaegh here offers a comprehensive study of Quine's groundbreaking naturalism. Building on Quine's published corpus as well as a wealth of unpublished letters, notes, lectures, papers, proposals, and annotations from the Quine archives, Verhaegh aims to reconstruct both the nature and the development of his naturalism. As such, Working from Within aims to contribute to the rapidly developing historiography of analytic philosophy, and to provide a better, historically informed, understanding of what is philosophically at stake in the contemporary naturalistic turn. Transcriptions of five unpublished papers, letters, and notes are included in the appendix.

Nietzsche's Naturalism

Author : Christian J. Emden
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2014-05-29
Category : History
ISBN : 9781107059634

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Book Nietzsche's Naturalism Description/Summary:

This book examines Nietzsche's philosophical naturalism both historically and philosophically, establishing a link between his discussions of nature and normativity.

Understanding Empiricism

Author : Robert G. Meyers
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2006
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : UOM:39015066828214

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Book Understanding Empiricism Description/Summary:

This text offers an introduction to empiricism and the empiricist tradition in philosophy. It presents empiricism as a philosophical outlook that unites several philosophers and discusses important philosophical issues bearing on the subject. Intended for students, it is a survey of the history of empiricist ideas.