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The Warburg Years (1919-1933)

Author : Ernst Cassirer
Publisher : Yale University Press
Release : 2013-11-26
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9780300207262

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Book The Warburg Years (1919-1933) Description/Summary:

Jewish German philosopher Ernst Cassirer was a leading proponent of the Marburg school of neo-Kantianism. The essays in this volume provide a window into Cassirer’s discovery of the symbolic nature of human existence—that our entire emotional and intellectual life is configured and formed through the originary expressive power of word and image, that it is in and through the symbolic cultural systems of language, art, myth, religion, science, and technology that human life realizes itself and attains not only its form, its visibility, but also its reality. Thought and being are set in opposition and united in genuine correspondence by the symbolic strife between them that Cassirer calls Auseinandersetzung, which determines the ethical relationship of the self to the other.

The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms, Volume 1

Author : Ernst Cassirer
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-09-24
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9781000001099

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Book The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms, Volume 1 Description/Summary:

"The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms is a milestone in twentieth century philosophy. Promoting a philosophical vision informed by Kant, it incorporates the philosophical advances achieved in the nineteenth century by German Idealism and Neo-Kantianism, whilst acknowledging the contributions made by his contemporary phenomenologists. It also encompasses empirical and historical research on culture and the most contemporary work on myth, linguistics and psychopathology. As such, it ranks in philosophical importance along with other major works of the twentieth century, such as Edmund Husserl’s Logical Investigations, Martin Heidegger’s Being and Time, and Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. In the first volume, Cassirer explores the symbolic form of language. Already recognized by thinkers in the tradition of German Idealism, such as Wilhelm von Humboldt, language is the primary medium by which we interact with others and form a common world. As Cassirer emphasizes in the famous Davos Debate with Heidegger, 'there is one objective human world, in which a bridge is built from individual to individual. That I find in the primal phenomenon of language.' The famous trias Cassirer discerns in the functioning of language – the functions of expression (Ausdruck), presentation (Darstellung), and signification (Bedeutung) – has become paradigmatic for accounts of language, philosophical, linguistic, and anthropological alike." Sebastian Luft, Professor of Philosophy, Marquette University, USA. This new translation makes Cassirer’s seminal work available to a new generation of scholars. Each volume includes a translator’s introduction by Steve G. Lofts, a foreword by Peter E. Gordon, a glossary of key terms, and an index.

The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms

Author : Ernst Cassirer
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-03-11
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9781000398106

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Book The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms Description/Summary:

Ernst Cassirer occupies a unique space in twentieth-century philosophy. A great liberal humanist, his multi-faceted work spans the history of philosophy, the philosophy of science, intellectual history, aesthetics, epistemology, the study of language and myth, and more. Cassirer’s thought also anticipates the renewed interest in the origins of analytic and continental philosophy in the Twentieth Century and the divergent paths taken by the 'logicist' and existential traditions, epitomised by his now legendary debate in 1929 with the philosopher Martin Heidegger, over the question "What is the Human Being?" The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms is Cassirer's most important work. It was first published in German in 1923, the third and final volume appearing in 1929. In it Cassirer presents a radical new philosophical worldview - at once rich, creative and controversial - of human beings as fundamentally "symbolic animals", placing signs and systems of expression between themselves and the world. This major new translation of all three volumes, the first for over fifty years, brings Cassirer's magnum opus to a new generation of students and scholars. Taken together, the three volumes of The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms are a vital treatise on human beings as symbolic animals and a monumental expression of neo-Kantian thought. Correcting important errors in previous English editions, this translation reflects the contributions of significant advances in Cassirer scholarship over the last twenty to thirty years. Each volume includes a new introduction and translator's notes by Steve G. Lofts, a foreword by Peter E. Gordon, a glossary of key terms, and a thorough index.

The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms, Volume 2

Author : Ernst Cassirer
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-09-25
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9781000007947

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Book The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms, Volume 2 Description/Summary:

"The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms is one of the landmarks of twentieth century philosophy. Drawing from the influential work of Wilhelm Dilthey, it transformed neo-Kantianism into a new robust philosophy of culture. The second volume, on Mythical Thinking, analyzes the fundamental layers of perception and expression as well as the articulations with religion and the dialectic with other forms, essentially language and art. The intellectual breadth of the volume is remarkable. It initiated the debate with Martin Heidegger and prompted a long-lasting meditation by Hans Blumenberg. We are only beginning to recognize its importance for our understanding of the power of images in the construction of aesthetics, the self, and the socio-political world. It initiated a discussion within French sociology (Émile Durkheim, Marcel Mauss) that ultimately resurfaced in Pierre Bourdieu, while today it is considered as a resourceful path for cultural and critical theory (Drucilla Cornell and Kenneth M. Panfilio). Finally, this volume also offers solid grounds for a political critique of Nazism - specifically: Alfred Rosenberg’s Myth of the 20th Century and Adolf Hitler’s Mein Kampf - as well as the new emerging totalitarian ideologies." Fabien Capeilleres, Professor of Philosophy, editor of the French edition of Cassirer’s Works. This new translation makes Cassirer’s seminal work available to a new generation of scholars. Each volume includes a translator’s introduction by Steve G. Lofts, a foreword by Peter E. Gordon, a glossary of key terms, and an index.

The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms, Volume 3

Author : Ernst Cassirer
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-09-24
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9781000001112

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Book The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms, Volume 3 Description/Summary:

“In his Phenomenology of Cognition, Cassirer provides a comprehensive and systematic account of the dynamic process involved in the whole of human culture as it progresses from the world of myth and its feeling of social belonging to the highest abstractions of mathematics, logic and theoretical physics. Cassirer engages with the most sophisticated and cutting-edge work in fields ranging from ethnology to classics, egyptology and assyriology to ethology, brain science and psychology to logic, mathematics and theoretical physics. His command of philosophy, literature, and the arts is superb. Echoing his work on Kant, Cassirer begins The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms with the problem posed by the meaning of being for philosophy since Plato. But Cassirer also shows that this problem gains new significance with Kant and with the development of modern culture. Cassirer weaves his conception of the development of knowledge into a broadly Kantian and German idealist dynamic-historical conception of significance and of experience that refuses to accept a fundamental opposition between literary, philosophical and scientific culture. In consequence of his great vision grounded in careful reflection and argument, Cassirer’s systematic conception of the Copernican cosmopolitan-cosmological revolution is still philosophically and scientifically unmatched in contemporary philosophy on both sides of the Atlantic and of the Pacific.” Pierre Keller, Professor of Philosophy, University of California, Riverside, USA. This new translation makes Cassirer’s seminal work available to a new generation of scholars. Each volume includes a translator’s introduction by Steve G. Lofts, a foreword by Peter E. Gordon, a glossary of key terms, and an index.

The Philosophy of Ernst Cassirer

Author : J Tyler Friedman,Sebastian Luft
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2015-06-16
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9783110421835

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Book The Philosophy of Ernst Cassirer Description/Summary:

This volume brings Cassirer’s work into the arena of contemporary debates both within and outside of philosophy. All articles offer a fresh and contemporary look at one of the most prolific and important philosophers of the 20th century. The papers are authored by a wide array of scholars working in different areas, such as epistemology, philosophy of culture, sociology, psychopathology, philosophy of science and aesthetics.

Linguistic Turns, 1890-1950

Author : Ken Hirschkop
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2019-04-04
Category : Literary Criticism
ISBN : 9780192574626

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Book Linguistic Turns, 1890-1950 Description/Summary:

Linguistic Turns rewrites the intellectual and cultural history of early twentieth-century Europe. In chapters that study the work of Saussure, Russell, Wittgenstein, Bakhtin, Benjamin, Cassirer, Shklovskii, the Russian Futurists, Ogden and Richards, Sorel, Gramsci, and others, it shows how European intellectuals came to invest 'language' with extraordinary force, at a time when the social and political order of the continent was itself in question. By examining linguistic turns in concert rather than in isolation, the volume changes the way we see them—no longer simply as moves in individual disciplines, but as elements of a larger constellation, held together by common concerns and anxieties. In a series of detailed readings, the volume reveals how each linguistic turn invested 'language as such' with powers that could redeem not just individual disciplines but Europe itself. It shows how, in the hands of different writers, language becomes a model of social and political order, a tool guaranteeing analytical precision, a vehicle of dynamic change, a storehouse of mythical collective energy, a template for civil society, and an image of justice itself. By detailing the force linguistic turns attribute to language, and the way in which they contrast 'language as such' with actual language, the volume dissects the investments made in words and sentences and the visions behind them. The constellation of linguistic turns is explored as an intellectual event in its own right and as the pursuit of social theory by other means.

A Philosophical Defense of Culture

Author : Shuchen Xiang
Publisher : SUNY Press
Release : 2021-06-01
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9781438483214

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Book A Philosophical Defense of Culture Description/Summary:

Draws on two different but strikingly similar streams in our world tradition to argue for the contemporary philosophical relevance of “culture.” In A Philosophical Defense of Culture, Shuchen Xiang draws on the Confucian philosophy of "culture" and Ernst Cassirer's philosophy of symbolic forms to argue for the importance of "culture" as a philosophic paradigm. A defining ideal of Confucian-Chinese civilization, culture (wen) spans everything from natural patterns and the individual units that make up Chinese writing to literature and other refining vocations of the human being. Wen is thus the soul of Confucian-Chinese philosophy. Similarly, as a philosopher who bridged the classical age of German humanism and postwar modernity, Cassirer implored his and future generations to think of humankind in terms of their culture and to think of the human being as a "symbolic animal." The philosophies of culture of these two traditions, very much compatible, are of urgent relevance to our contemporary epoch. Xiang describes the similarity of their projects by way of their conception of the human being, her relationship to nature, the relationship of human culture to nature, the importance of cultural pluralism, and the role of the arts in human life, as well as the metaphysical frameworks that gave rise to such conceptions. Combining textual exegesis in classical Chinese texts and an exposition of Cassirer's most important insights against the backdrop of post-Kantian philosophy, this book is philosophy written in a cosmopolitan mode, arguing for the contemporary philosophical relevance of "culture" by drawing on and bringing together two different but strikingly similar streams in our world tradition. Shuchen Xiang is Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies and the Institute of Foreign Philosophy at Peking University, China.

Cassirer’s Transformation: From a Transcendental to a Semiotic Philosophy of Forms

Author : Jean Lassègue
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-03-11
Category : Science
ISBN : 9783030429058

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Book Cassirer’s Transformation: From a Transcendental to a Semiotic Philosophy of Forms Description/Summary:

This book presents the transformation of Cassirer’s transcendental point of view. At an early stage, Cassirer was confronted with a scientific crisis triggered by the emergence of various forms of objective knowledge, such as the plurality of geometric axiom systems and non-Euclidean geometry in relativistic physics. He finally developed a solution to the problematic unity of objective knowledge by replacing the overarching notion of objectivity with that of forms of objectification. This led him to consider the notion of “symbolic forms” as the driving force in the objectification process. This concept would become instrumental in demonstrating that the objective and human sciences are not adversaries; they merely differ in their modes of semiotic construction. These modes cannot be summarized in a fixed list of symbolic forms but operate transversally, at a level where Cassirer distinguishes between three specific operators: Expression, Evocation and Objectification. The last part of the book investigates how the relationships between these three operators stabilize specific symbolic forms. Four of these forms are then studied as examples: Myth and Ritual, Language, Scientific Knowledge, and Technology.

Where Culture and Mind Meet

Author : Brady Wagoner,Kevin Carriere
Publisher : IAP
Release : 2021-01-01
Category : Psychology
ISBN : 9781648022586

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Book Where Culture and Mind Meet Description/Summary:

Cultural psychology explores the mutual constitution of persons-minds and socialcultural worlds. It aims to be both transdisciplinary and international in its approach, and to develop theoretical models that remain faithful to people’s lived experiences. This volume further advances these objectives through an exploration of core concepts (especially, normativity, liminality, and resistance), cultural psychology’s foundations in philosophy, and the translation of theory into a methodology for investigating distinctly human ways of relating to the world.

Leo Strauss and the Theopolitics of Culture

Author : Philipp von Wussow
Publisher : SUNY Press
Release : 2020-04-15
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9781438478418

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Book Leo Strauss and the Theopolitics of Culture Description/Summary:

This archive-based study of the philosophy of Leo Strauss provides in-depth interpretations of key texts and their larger theoretical contexts. In this book, Philipp von Wussow argues that the philosophical project of Leo Strauss must be located in the intersection of culture, religion, and the political. Based on archival research on the philosophy of Strauss, von Wussow provides in-depth interpretations of key texts and their larger theoretical contexts. Presenting the necessary background in German-Jewish philosophy of the interwar period, von Wussow then offers detailed accounts and comprehensive interpretations of Strauss’s early masterwork, Philosophy and Law, his wartime lecture “German Nihilism,” the sources and the scope of Strauss’s critique of modern “relativism,” and a close commentary on the late text “Jerusalem and Athens.” With its rare blend of close reading and larger perspectives, this book is valuable for students of political philosophy, continental thought, and twentieth-century Jewish philosophy alike. It is indispensable as a guide to Strauss’s philosophical project, as well as to some of the most intricate details of his writings. Philipp von Wussow is Senior Researcher at Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany.

Culture, Commerce, and the City

Author : Emily Jane Levine
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
Category : Hamburg (Germany)
ISBN : STANFORD:36105210207168

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Book Culture, Commerce, and the City Description/Summary:

"This dissertation examines the intimate relationship between place and culture in Weimar-era Hamburg through the lives and works of its three most prominent intellectuals: the historian of art and civilization, Aby Warburg (1866-1929), the philosopher Ernst Cassirer (1874-1945), and the art historian Erwin Panofsky (1892-1968). Cassirer, Panofsky, and Warburg shared an intellectual interest in the historical development of what they called "symbolic forms" in art history and philosophy from the classical through the modern periods. Rather than offer an exegesis of their works, I use their lives and works to investigate three historical themes: Weimar culture and politics; the relationship between Germans and Jews; and Hamburg's particular history in relation to Germany. I argue that this circle's unconventional methodology, bridging contextualism and formalism, as well as metaphysics and epistemology, reflected the cultural, political, and economic institutions of its host city. Hamburg enjoyed a longtime reputation as a mercantilist city, but it was not an intellectual center. Yet Hamburg's cosmopolitanism resulting from its international trade, its tradition of cultural philanthropy, and its loose institutional structure ultimately granted its scholars a unique degree of cultural autonomy. This dissertation shows how and why the unlikely port city of Hamburg -- and not Berlin with its century-old university -- produced one of the most important interdisciplinary contributions to the humanities in the twentieth century. The first chapter describes Warburg's role in the debate leading up to the University of Hamburg's founding in 1919 that pitted scholarly and economic interests against one another. The second presents Cassirer's appointment at the university as a testament to Warburg's vision of an open and liberal Hamburg, and Cassirer' s potential departure as a threat to that vision. The third completes the triumvirate of the Hamburg School by placing Panofsky' s groundbreaking work in the nascent field of art history in the context of Hamburg. The fourth focuses on the scholars' wives -- Mary Warburg, Toni Cassirer, and Dora Panofsky -- and views the circle through historical questions concerning gender and masculinity. The fifth chapter uses Cassirer's tenure as rector of the young university to describe the rise and fall of the "Republican moment" in German politics and ideas."

Art and Cosmotechnics

Author : Yuk Hui
Publisher : U of Minnesota Press
Release : 2021-06-29
Category : Art
ISBN : 9781452963990

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Book Art and Cosmotechnics Description/Summary:

In light of current discourses on AI and robotics, what do the various experiences of art contribute to the rethinking of technology today? Art and Cosmotechnics addresses the challenge of technology to the existence of art and traditional thought, especially in light of current discourses on artificial intelligence and robotics. It carries out an attempt on the cosmotechnics of Chinese landscape painting in order to address this question, and further asks: What is the significance of shanshui (mountain and water) in face of the new challenges brought about by the current technological transformation? Thinking art and cosmotechnics together is an attempt to look into the varieties of experiences of art and to ask what these experiences might contribute to the rethinking of technology today.

Facing Poetry

Author : Frauke Berndt
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2020-10-12
Category : Literary Criticism
ISBN : 9783110623482

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Book Facing Poetry Description/Summary:

Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten (1714–1762) is known in intellectual history for having established the discourse of philosophical aesthetics with his "Meditationes philosophicae de nonnullis ad poema pertinentibus" (Reflections on Poetry) and "Aesthetica" (Aesthetics), which consists of two books and is considered Baumgarten’s most important work. But this book amends that history. It shows that Baumgarten's aesthetics is a science of literature that demonstrates the value of literature to philosophy. Baumgarten did not intend to pursue such a task, but in working on his philosophical texts and lectures, he ends up analyzing, synthesizing, and contextualizing literature. He thereby treats it not as belles lettres or as a moral institution but rather as an epistemic object. His aesthetics is thus the first modern literary theory, and his articulation of this theory would never again be matched in its complexity and systematicity. Baumgarten’s theory of literature has never been discovered. It waits latently to take its place in intellectual history.

The Dispersion

Author : Stéphane Dufoix
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2016-12-08
Category : History
ISBN : 9789004326910

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Book The Dispersion Description/Summary:

The Dispersion offers a unique account of how the word “diaspora”, coined in the third century BCE, has recently become both one of the more emblematic terms of the global era and a fashionable academic concept.

Time of the Magicians

Author : Wolfram Eilenberger
Publisher : Penguin
Release : 2021-08-17
Category : Biography & Autobiography
ISBN : 9780525559689

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Book Time of the Magicians Description/Summary:

“[A] fascinating and accessible account . . . In his entertaining book, Mr. Eilenberger shows that his magicians’ thoughts are still worth collecting, even if, with hindsight, we can see that some performed too many intellectual conjuring tricks.” —Wall Street Journal A grand narrative of the intertwining lives of Walter Benjamin, Martin Heidegger, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and Ernst Cassirer, major philosophers whose ideas shaped the twentieth century The year is 1919. The horror of the First World War is fresh for the protagonists of Time of the Magicians, each of whom finds himself at a crucial juncture. Benjamin is trying to flee his overbearing father and floundering in his academic career, living hand to mouth as a critic. Wittgenstein, by contrast, has dramatically decided to divest himself of the monumental fortune he stands to inherit, in search of spiritual clarity. Meanwhile, Heidegger, having managed to avoid combat in war by serving as a meteorologist, is carefully cultivating his career. Finally, Cassirer is working furiously on the margins of academia, applying himself to his writing and the possibility of a career at Hamburg University. The stage is set for a great intellectual drama, which will unfold across the next decade. The lives and ideas of this extraordinary philosophical quartet will converge as they become world historical figures. But as the Second World War looms on the horizon, their fates will be very different.

Recursivity and Contingency

Author : Yuk Hui
Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield
Release : 2019-01-28
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9781786600547

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Book Recursivity and Contingency Description/Summary:

This book is an investigation of algorithmic contingency and an elucidation of the contemporary situation that we are living in: the regular arrival of algorithmic catastrophes on a global scale. Through a historical analysis of philosophy, computation and media, this book proposes a renewed relation between nature and technics.

Between Philosophy and Cultural Psychology

Author : Robert E. Innis
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-09-24
Category : Psychology
ISBN : 9783030581909

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Book Between Philosophy and Cultural Psychology Description/Summary:

This Brief provides an in-depth discussion of five major points of intersection between philosophy and cultural psychology. The first chapter frames central analytical and normative threads, foregrounding the focal notion of thresholds of sense. The second chapter explores the nature of contexts, situations, and backgrounds of meaning-making following the lead of John Dewey, Ben-Ami Scharfstein, and Gernot Böhme. Chapter three examines the complementary analytical power of the semiotic resources developed in the work of Peirce, Bühler, and Cassirer. Chapter four shows the heuristic fertility and psychological bearing of Susanne Langer's feeling-based aesthetic model of minding. The final chapter establishes affectivation as the inescapable consequence of human beings giving life to themselves by giving life to signs. The Brief concludes with three commentaries from leading researchers in the area. The chapters weave together interlocking themes: the nature of embodied perception, the variety of contexts and semiotic frameworks and their schematization of thresholds of meaning-making, the role of art and theories of imagination both in cultural psychology and in philosophy, and the centrality of feeling in all forms of meaning-making. Between Philosophy and Cultural Psychology will be of interest to cognitive and cultural psychologists as well as researchers and upper-graduate students in philosophy and related psychology fields.

The Prehistory of Mathematical Structuralism

Author : Erich H. Reck,Georg Schiemer
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2020
Category : Mathematics
ISBN : 9780190641221

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Book The Prehistory of Mathematical Structuralism Description/Summary:

This edited volume explores the previously underacknowledged 'pre-history' of mathematical structuralism, showing that structuralism has deep roots in the history of modern mathematics. The contributors explore this history along two distinct but interconnected dimensions. First, they reconsider the methodological contributions of major figures in the history of mathematics. Second, they re-examine a range of philosophical reflections from mathematically-inclinded philosophers like Russell, Carnap, and Quine, whose work led to profound conclusions about logical, epistemological, and metaphysic.