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Preterm Birth

Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Understanding Premature Birth and Assuring Healthy Outcomes
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2007-05-23
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9780309101592


Book Preterm Birth Description/Summary:

The increasing prevalence of preterm birth in the United States is a complex public health problem that requires multifaceted solutions. Preterm birth is a cluster of problems with a set of overlapping factors of influence. Its causes may include individual-level behavioral and psychosocial factors, sociodemographic and neighborhood characteristics, environmental exposure, medical conditions, infertility treatments, and biological factors. Many of these factors co-occur, particularly in those who are socioeconomically disadvantaged or who are members of racial and ethnic minority groups. While advances in perinatal and neonatal care have improved survival for preterm infants, those infants who do survive have a greater risk than infants born at term for developmental disabilities, health problems, and poor growth. The birth of a preterm infant can also bring considerable emotional and economic costs to families and have implications for public-sector services, such as health insurance, educational, and other social support systems. Preterm Birth assesses the problem with respect to both its causes and outcomes. This book addresses the need for research involving clinical, basic, behavioral, and social science disciplines. By defining and addressing the health and economic consequences of premature birth, this book will be of particular interest to health care professionals, public health officials, policy makers, professional associations and clinical, basic, behavioral, and social science researchers.

Preterm Birth

Author : Felice Petraglia,Jerome F Strauss,Gerson Weiss,Steven G Gabbe
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2007-02-08
Category : Medical
ISBN : 0415392276


Book Preterm Birth Description/Summary:

Preterm delivery is probably the most important problem in obstetrics, and a major public health concern. Recent developments - such as the preventive use of progesterone, and new data on possible mechanisms of initiation of parturition – have placed the topic at the forefront of the interests and preoccupation of many in maternal-fetal medicine and obstetrics. Recent studies have found that preterm deliveries have increased even amongst low risk women. Also shown is that assisted conceptions, multiple pregnancies and elective deliveries are associated with early birth. The impact on society is considerable. Preterm birth can also have considerable impact on long-term health, including severe mental or physical disability. With all this being currently debated, Obstetricians should re-evaluate the risks and benefits of delivering babies earlier. This book, published in collaboration with the Society for Gynecologic Investigation, is a balanced, authoritative, well-referenced work with a rigorous underpinning of basic science and evidence-based clinical guidelines. The Editors have ensured that there is development of modern ideas throughout regarding understanding, research, prevention and treatment of preterm birth. The book will be essential reading for Specialists in Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Obstetrics and Perinatology. Since the book also highlights definitions, classifications and management algorithms, it will also be useful to general ObGyns, both in practice and training.

The Role of Environmental Hazards in Premature Birth

Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2003-11-17
Category : Science
ISBN : 0309166810


Book The Role of Environmental Hazards in Premature Birth Description/Summary:

Each year in the United States approximately 440,000 babies are born premature. These infants are at greater risk of death, and are more likely to suffer lifelong medical complications than full-term infants. Clinicians and researchers have made vast improvements in treating preterm birth; however, little success has been attained in understanding and preventing preterm birth. Understanding the complexity of interactions underlying preterm birth will be needed if further gains in outcomes are expected. The Institute of Medicine’s Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine sponsored a workshop to understand the biological mechanism of normal labor and delivery, and how environmental influences, as broadly defined, can interact with the processes of normal pregnancy to result in preterm birth. This report is a summary of the main themes presented by the speakers and participants.

Preterm Birth

Author : Vincenzo Berghella
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-01-19
Category : Medical
ISBN : 1444317628


Book Preterm Birth Description/Summary:

Preterm birth is an increasing challenge in the developed anddeveloping world. As we begin to understand what contributes to the likelihood ofpreterm birth, obstetricians and gynecologists can advise mothersand aspiring mothers on how to minimize the risks. Doctors can alsomonitor those patients who are likely to be at risk to increase thechances of preventing or effectively managing preterm labor. This practical book provides a clinically focused approach tothe prevention and management of premature births, using the bestavailable evidence to provide clear guidance to obstetricians,gynecologists, nurse midwives and family practitioners. Written for an international audience, the author addresses thespecial issues affecting patients in the developing world,including infectious- and poverty-related preterm birth. Each of the 30 chapters follows a wealth of practicalfeatures: Key points and chapter summaries Algorithms, tables and graphs Summary of the evidence-based literature Easy-to-use clinical guidelines

Reproductive Injustice

Author : Dana-Ain Davis
Publisher : NYU Press
Release : 2019-06-25
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9781479853571


Book Reproductive Injustice Description/Summary:

A troubling study of the role that medical racism plays in the lives of black women who have given birth to premature and low birth weight infants Black women have higher rates of premature birth than other women in America. This cannot be simply explained by economic factors, with poorer women lacking resources or access to care. Even professional, middle-class black women are at a much higher risk of premature birth than low-income white women in the United States. Dána-Ain Davis looks into this phenomenon, placing racial differences in birth outcomes into a historical context, revealing that ideas about reproduction and race today have been influenced by the legacy of ideas which developed during the era of slavery. While poor and low-income black women are often the “mascots” of premature birth outcomes, this book focuses on professional black women, who are just as likely to give birth prematurely. Drawing on an impressive array of interviews with nearly fifty mothers, fathers, neonatologists, nurses, midwives, and reproductive justice advocates, Dána-Ain Davis argues that events leading up to an infant’s arrival in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), and the parents’ experiences while they are in the NICU, reveal subtle but pernicious forms of racism that confound the perceived class dynamics that are frequently understood to be a central factor of premature birth. The book argues not only that medical racism persists and must be considered when examining adverse outcomes—as well as upsetting experiences for parents—but also that NICUs and life-saving technologies should not be the only strategies for improving the outcomes for black pregnant women and their babies. Davis makes the case for other avenues, such as community-based birthing projects, doulas, and midwives, that support women during pregnancy and labor are just as important and effective in avoiding premature births and mortality.

Pregnancy and Birth Outcomes

Author : Wei Wu
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-06-13
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9781789232424


Book Pregnancy and Birth Outcomes Description/Summary:

More than 10% of the global burden of disease is due to pregnancy complications and adverse birth outcomes. Despite recent advances in obstetric medicine, pregnancy complications and adverse birth outcomes are a growing public health concern and economic burden on the healthcare system. This book will focus on the pregnancy complications and birth outcomes, from the aspects of gestational age, environmental, genetic, epigenetic risk factors, and delivery room management.

Neurodevelopmental Outcomes of Preterm Birth

Author : Chiara Nosarti,Robin M. Murray,Maureen Hack
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010-04-08
Category : Medical
ISBN : 0521871794


Book Neurodevelopmental Outcomes of Preterm Birth Description/Summary:

The improved survival of very preterm and very low birth weight infants in recent decades has been associated with an increase in the prevalence of physical and neurodevelopmental problems. Attention is increasingly being focused on the quality of life of survivors, who are at greater risk of brain damage and consequent neurological disorders, and neuropsychological and behavioural impairments. In this volume, leading experts present a comprehensive and up-to-date perspective on research in various aspects of the long-term consequences of very preterm birth. As well as extending existing knowledge of the neurodevelopmental sequelae following very preterm birth, a shared aim of this burgeoning body of research is to identify the mechanisms underlying variations in outcome, and thus recognise subgroups of children who are at increased risk of neurodevelopmental problems, for whom appropriate intervention strategies can be devised. Pediatricians, neurologists, psychiatrists and psychologists will all find this to be essential reading.

Your Pregnancy and Childbirth

Author : American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Publisher : American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Women's Health Care Physicians
Release : 2021
Category : Health & Fitness
ISBN : 1934984906


Book Your Pregnancy and Childbirth Description/Summary:

"Designed as an informational resource for patients, Your Pregnancy and Childbirth: Month to Month Seventh Edition sets forth current information and clinical opinions on subjects related to women's health and reproduction. Your pregnancy and Childbirth: Month to Month is a resource for informational purposes. Topics include getting ready for pregnancy choosing an obstetric care provider what to expect during each month of pregnancy exercise during pregnancy work and travel during pregnancy pain relief during childbirth labor and delivery cesarean delivery postpartum care and taking care of the baby after birth, birth control after pregnancy"--

Nutritional Care of Preterm Infants

Author : B. Koletzko,B. Poindexter,R. Uauy
Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Release : 2014-04-15
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9783318026412


Book Nutritional Care of Preterm Infants Description/Summary:

Improved conditions of care for premature infants have led to markedly increased survival rates over the last few decades, particularly in very low and extremely low birth weight infants. Nutritional measures play a central role in the long-term outcome, health and quality of life of these premature infants. In this publication, leading experts from all 5 continents present the most recent evidence and critical analyses of nutrient requirements and the practice of nutritional care (with the focus on very low birth weight infants) to provide guidance for clinical application. After the introductory chapters, covering nutritional needs and research evidence in a more general manner, topics such as amino acids and proteins, lipids, microminerals and vitamins, parenteral and enteral nutrition as well as approaches to various disease conditions are addressed. Due to its focus on critical appraisals and recommendations, this book is of interest not only for the researcher who wants to keep up to date, but also for the clinician faced with premature infants in his practice.

Preterm Labor and Delivery

Author : Hiroshi Sameshima
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-25
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9789811398759


Book Preterm Labor and Delivery Description/Summary:

This splendid volume presents numerous aspects of preterm labor and delivery, from its fundamental mechanism to clinically focused approaches. The incidence of preterm delivery is 6-7% in Japan, while globally up to 10% of pregnancies with preterm labor result in premature delivery. The rates of overall survival and intact survival of the premature infants are also excellent in Japan. Thus Japan’s approach to preterm labor and delivery has long attracted attention. In each chapter, experts describe specific issues unique to conditions in Japan, including diagnosis, tocolytic agents, definition of clinical chorioamnionitis, treatment of bacterial vaginosis, role of amniocentesis, management of preterm premature membrane rupture and also placental pathology, presenting definitive evidence of the reduced incidence of preterm delivery in Japan. This book benefits not only obstetricians, pediatricians and gynecologist, but also midwives, nurse practitioners, and medical and associated staffs in the field of obstetrics, pediatrics, as well as neonatal and perinatal medicine who are involved in delivery.


Author : Sarah DiGregorio
Publisher : HarperCollins
Release : 2020-01-28
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9780062820327


Book Early Description/Summary:

Inspired by the author’s harrowing experience giving birth to her premature daughter, a compelling and empathetic work that combines memoir with rigorous reporting to tell the story of neonatology—and to meditate on the questions raised by premature birth. The heart of many hospitals is the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). It is a place where humanity, ethics, and science collide in dramatic and deeply personal ways as parents, doctors, and nurses grapple with sometimes unanswerable questions: When does life begin? When and how should life end? And what does it mean to be human? Nearly twenty years ago, Dr. John D. Lantos wrote The Lazarus Case, a seminal work on ethical dilemmas in neonatology. He described the NICU as “a strong, strange, powerful place.” The NICU is a place made of stories—the stories of mothers and babies who spend days, weeks, and even months waiting to go home, and the dedicated clinicians who care for these tiny, developing humans. The book explores the evolution of neonatology and its breakthroughs—how modern medicine can be successful at saving infants at five and a half months gestation who weigh less than a pound, when only a few decades ago, there were essentially no treatments for premature babies. For the first time, Sarah DiGregorio tells the complete story of this science—and the many people it has touched. Weaving her own story, those of other parents, and NICU clinicians with deeply researched reporting, Early delves deep into the history and future of neonatology, one of the most boundary pushing medical disciplines: how it came to be, how it is evolving, and the political, cultural, and ethical issues that continue to arise in the face of dramatic scientific developments. Eye-opening and vital, Early uses premature birth as a lens to view our own humanity, and the humanity of those around us.

Preterm Birth in the United States

Author : Janet M. Bronstein
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-28
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9783319327150


Book Preterm Birth in the United States Description/Summary:

This first-of-its-kind volume addresses the myriad of issues relating to—and reviews the plethora of responses to--premature births in the United States, both in national context and compared with other countries. In addition to current clinical data, it examines how preterm births in the U.S. fit in with larger social concerns regarding poverty, racial disparities, reproductive rights, gender expectations, and the business of health care. Comparisons with preterm birth phenomena in Canada, the U.K., and other Western European countries illustrate cultural narratives about motherhood, women’s status, differences across social welfare and abortion policies , and across health care financing and delivery sytems, and how these may affect outcomes for newborns. The book sorts out these intersecting complexities through the following critical lenses: · Clinical: causes, treatments, and outcomes of preterm birth · Population: the distribution of preterm births · Cultural: how we understand preterm birth · Health care: delivering care for high-risk pregnant women and preterm infants · Ethical: moral decision-making about preterm births Preterm Birth in the United States synthesizes a wide knowledge base for maternal and child health professionals across diverse disciplines, including public health, social work, nursing, medicine, and health policy. Social scientists with interests in reproduction and gender issues will gain access to historical, clinical and epidemiological knowledge that can support their work. There is also an audience for the book among childbirth activists such as supporters of midwifery and less medicalized childbirth.

Creasy and Resnik's Maternal-Fetal Medicine: Principles and Practice E-Book

Author : Robert Resnik,Charles J. Lockwood,Thomas Moore,Michael F Greene,Joshua Copel,Robert M Silver
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2018-08-07
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9780323568913


Book Creasy and Resnik's Maternal-Fetal Medicine: Principles and Practice E-Book Description/Summary:

Long recognized as the authoritative leader in the field, Creasy and Resnik's Maternal-Fetal Medicine, 8th Edition, continues to provide the latest evidence-based guidelines for obstetric and neonatal management, helping you minimize complications and offer patients the best possible care. Written by renowned experts in obstetrics, gynecology, and perinatology, this comprehensive resource has been thoroughly updated and reflects new information in every area, including recent tremendous advances in genetics, imaging, and more. Focuses on complicated obstetric issues, highlighting the most commonly encountered anomalies and providing clear guidelines for obstetric and neonatal management. Offers comprehensive updates on rapidly changing topics, including a completely revised section on genetics and genetic technology for prenatal diagnoses, as well as an expanded imaging section on abdominal, urogenital, and skeletal imaging. Includes four new chapters: Molecular Genetic Technology, MRI in Obstetrical Imaging, Obesity in Pregnancy, and Pregnancy as a Window to Future Health. Features numerous flow charts for quick access to diagnosis and treatment protocols and to clarify complex material. Presents the knowledge and expertise of new editors Dr. Joshua Copel, an expert in the field of fetal therapy who has pioneered new diagnostic techniques for unborn patients and their mothers, and Dr. Robert Silver, a leader in the maternal-fetal medicine community.

Fetal Therapy

Author : Mark D. Kilby,Anthony Johnson,Dick Oepkes
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9781107012134


Book Fetal Therapy Description/Summary:

Covers the latest insights any fetal specialist needs and provides essential knowledge for professionals caring for women with high-risk pregnancies.

ABC of Preterm Birth

Author : William McGuire,Peter W. Fowlie
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-04-15
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9781444312942


Book ABC of Preterm Birth Description/Summary:

Preterm birth is a major challenge in perinatal health care. Most perinatal deaths occur in preterm infants, and preterm birth is an important risk factor for neurological damage, including cerebral palsy. This ABC covers all the latest information on this complex and multidisciplinary area from obstetric issues to immediate care of preterm infants, respiratory complications, and how to provide support to the parents and relatives of the preterm infant. With its clear explanation and many illustrations, general practitioners, medical students, paediatricians starting their postgraduate training, nurses, and midwives will find ABC of Preterm Birth an excellent reference.

Neurological Outcomes in Preterm Infants – Current Controversies and Therapies for Brain Injury

Author : Carina Mallard,Mary Tolcos,Justin Dean
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-02-10
Category : Uncategorized
ISBN : 9782889634941


Book Neurological Outcomes in Preterm Infants – Current Controversies and Therapies for Brain Injury Description/Summary:

Preterm birth affects over 15 million newborns worldwide each year and is the main contributor of neonatal mortality and morbidity. While neonatal survival following preterm birth continues to improve, this has not been matched by a decline in neurological outcome. There is still a high prevalence of motor problems, executive dysfunction, and cognitive impairment in infants born preterm. Improved neuroimaging has helped to describe different types of neonatal brain injuries in this population and has given a better understanding of underlying pathogenesis. However, therapies are still lacking and there is a great need to find novel strategies to improve injury and functional outcome.

Obstetrics and Gynecology

Author : Rhoda Sperling
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-07-10
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9781119450078


Book Obstetrics and Gynecology Description/Summary:

Mount Sinai Expert Guides: Obstetrics and Gynecology provides specialty trainees and junior physicians with an extremely clinical, affordable and accessible handbook covering the key and hot topics in this complex field with focus throughout on clinical diagnosis and effective patient management. Used as a point-of-care resource in the hospital and clinical setting, it present sthe very best in expert information in an attractive, quick and easy to navigate informative and well-structured manner, with features such as key points, potential pitfalls, management algorithms, and national/international guidelines on treatment.

Preterm Birth

Author : Fritz Fuchs,Phillip G. Stubblefield
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1984
Category : Childbirth - Premature labour
ISBN : UOM:39015006697794


Book Preterm Birth Description/Summary: