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Memory Systems of the Addicted Brain: The Underestimated Role of Drug-Induced Cognitive Biases in Addiction and Its Treatment

Author : Vincent David,Daniel Béracochéa,Mark E. Walton
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-06-08
Category : Uncategorized
ISBN : 9782889454877

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Book Memory Systems of the Addicted Brain: The Underestimated Role of Drug-Induced Cognitive Biases in Addiction and Its Treatment Description/Summary:

The Cambridge Handbook of Substance and Behavioral Addictions

Author : Steve Sussman
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-08-31
Category : Psychology
ISBN : 9781108632249

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Book The Cambridge Handbook of Substance and Behavioral Addictions Description/Summary:

Written by leaders in the addictions field, 100 authors from six countries, this handbook is a thoroughly comprehensive resource. Philosophical and legal issues are addressed, while conceptual underpinnings are provided through explanations of appetitive motivation, incentive sensitization, reward deficiency, and behavioral economics theories. Major clinical and research methods are clearly mapped out (e.g. MRI, behavioral economics, interview assessments, and qualitative approaches), outlining their strengths and weaknesses, giving the reader the tools needed to guide their research and practice aims. The etiology of addiction at various levels of analysis is discussed, including neurobiology, cognition, groups, culture, and environment, which simultaneously lays out the foundations and high-level discourse to serve both novice and expert researchers and clinicians. Importantly, the volume explores the prevention and treatment of such addictions as alcohol, tobacco, novel drugs, food, gambling, sex, work, shopping, the internet, and several seldom-investigated behaviors (e.g. love, tanning, or exercise).

Substance Abuse Among Older Adults

Author : Frederic C. Blow
Publisher : DIANE Publishing
Release : 1999-08
Category : Uncategorized
ISBN : 0788180711

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Book Substance Abuse Among Older Adults Description/Summary:

Researchers are only beginning to realize the pervasiveness of substance abuse, such as alcohol and prescription drug misuse, among older people, thousands of whom need treatment but do not receive it. This Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) recommends best practices for identifying, screening, assessing, and treating alcohol and prescription drug abuse among people age 60 and older. Sections: alcohol; use and abuse of psychoactive prescription drugs and OTC medications; identification, screening, and assessment; referral and treatment approaches; outcomes and cost issues; legal and ethical issues; tools. Bibliography. 19 charts and tables.

Substance Abuse

Author : Alan David Kaye,Nalini Vadivelu,Richard D. Urman
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-12-01
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9781493919512

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Book Substance Abuse Description/Summary:

This book is written for any clinician who encounters substance abuse in a patient and wonders what to do. Experts from a cross-section of specialties and health professions provide up-to-date, evidence-based guidance on how non-expert clinicians can recognize, understand, and approach the management of substance abuse in their patients. They detail the range of treatments available and whether and how they work. The central importance of using a carefully selected multimodal approach that is tailored to the individual patient is emphasized throughout and illustrated in case scenarios from actual clinical practice.

Pain Management and the Opioid Epidemic

Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Pain Management and Regulatory Strategies to Address Prescription Opioid Abuse
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2017-09-28
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9780309459570

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Book Pain Management and the Opioid Epidemic Description/Summary:

Drug overdose, driven largely by overdose related to the use of opioids, is now the leading cause of unintentional injury death in the United States. The ongoing opioid crisis lies at the intersection of two public health challenges: reducing the burden of suffering from pain and containing the rising toll of the harms that can arise from the use of opioid medications. Chronic pain and opioid use disorder both represent complex human conditions affecting millions of Americans and causing untold disability and loss of function. In the context of the growing opioid problem, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) launched an Opioids Action Plan in early 2016. As part of this plan, the FDA asked the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to convene a committee to update the state of the science on pain research, care, and education and to identify actions the FDA and others can take to respond to the opioid epidemic, with a particular focus on informing FDA's development of a formal method for incorporating individual and societal considerations into its risk-benefit framework for opioid approval and monitoring.

Biologics to Treat Substance Use Disorders

Author : Ivan D. Montoya
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-12-18
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9783319231501

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Book Biologics to Treat Substance Use Disorders Description/Summary:

This book is a scientific compendium documenting the state of the art in the discovery and development of vaccines, monoclonal antibodies, and enzymes for the treatment of Substance Use Disorders (SUDs). The book gives detailed consideration to some of the most cutting edge topics in addiction medicine, including vaccines for nicotine, cocaine, heroin, and methamphetamine dependence; monoclonal antibodies against cocaine, methamphetamine, and phencyclidine; and the enzymes butyrylcholinesterase and cocaine esterase. In addition, the text covers a wide range of new strategies designed to optimize the development and efficacy of biologics. Unlike any other resource, this book reviews how biologics offer exciting new therapeutic opportunities for various psychiatric conditions. Written by experts in the field, Biologics to Treat Substance Use Disorders is as an authoritative reference for psychiatrists, psychologists, and all other medical professionals working with patients suffering from Substance Use Disorders.

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Scripted Protocols

Author : Dr. Marilyn Luber, PhD
Publisher : Springer Publishing Company
Release : 2009-05-18
Category : Psychology
ISBN : 0826122388

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Book Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Scripted Protocols Description/Summary:

"This excellent book contains many different scripts, applicable to a number of special populations. It takes a practical approach and walks therapists step-by-step through the EMDR therapeutic process. [Readers] will not be disappointed." Score: 93, 4 stars --Doody's Praise from a practicing EMDR therapist and user of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Scripted Protocols: "Kudos to...everyone who contributed to this important volume....[It] is an indispensable resource. Thank you, thank you, thank you!" --Andrea B. Goldberg, LCSW EMDRIA Certified EMDR Therapist EMDRIA Consultant-in-training Bloomfield and Newark, NJ This book serves as a one-stop resource where therapists can access a wide range of word-for-word scripted protocols for EMDR practice, including the past, present, and future templates. These scripts are conveniently outlined in an easy-to-use, manual style template for therapists, allowing them to have a reliable, consistent form and procedure when using EMDR with clients. The book contains an entire section on the development of resources and on clinician self-care. There is a self-awareness questionnaire to assist clinicians in identifying potential problems that often arise in treatment, allowing for strategies to deal with them. Also included are helpful past memory, current triggers and future template worksheet scripts. Key topics include: Client history taking that will inform the treatment process of patients Resource development to help clients identify and target their problems to regain control when issues appear overwhelming Scripts for the 6 basic EMDR Protocols for traumatic events, current anxieties and behaviors, recent traumatic events, phobias, excessive grief, and illness and somatic disorders Early intervention procedures for man-made and natural catastrophes EMDR and early interventions for groups, including work with children, adolescents, and adults Written workbook format for individual or group EMDR EMDR to enhance performance and positive emotion

Neurogenesis and Neural Plasticity

Author : Catherine Belzung,Peter Wigmore
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2014-07-08
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9783642362323

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Book Neurogenesis and Neural Plasticity Description/Summary:

This volume brings together authors working on a wide range of topics to provide an up to date account of the underlying mechanisms and functions of neurogenesis and synaptogenesis in the adult brain. With an increasing understanding of the role of neurogenesis and synaptogenesis it is possible to envisage improvements or novel treatments for a number of diseases and the possibility of harnessing these phenomena to reduce the impact of ageing and to provide mechanisms to repair the brain.

Co-occurring Addictive and Psychiatric Disorders

Author : Geert Dom,Franz Moggi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-24
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9783642453755

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Book Co-occurring Addictive and Psychiatric Disorders Description/Summary:

This book provides a comprehensive, state of the art overview that covers both the diagnosis and the treatment of dual disorders – joint psychiatric and substance use disorders associated with a worse outcome and disease progression than single psychiatric or addictive disorders. The book is designed to be highly relevant to clinical work and the organization of care systems and meets the real need for a European perspective on dual disorders that takes into account the realities of European treatment organization. All chapters have been written by European authors on the basis of existing European treatment programs or guidelines and European research. The book will be invaluable for all health professionals working in mental health and addiction care, who are increasingly confronted with patients suffering from dual disorders.

Medications for Opioid Use Disorder Save Lives

Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Medication-Assisted Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2019-06-16
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9780309486484

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Book Medications for Opioid Use Disorder Save Lives Description/Summary:

The opioid crisis in the United States has come about because of excessive use of these drugs for both legal and illicit purposes and unprecedented levels of consequent opioid use disorder (OUD). More than 2 million people in the United States are estimated to have OUD, which is caused by prolonged use of prescription opioids, heroin, or other illicit opioids. OUD is a life-threatening condition associated with a 20-fold greater risk of early death due to overdose, infectious diseases, trauma, and suicide. Mortality related to OUD continues to escalate as this public health crisis gathers momentum across the country, with opioid overdoses killing more than 47,000 people in 2017 in the United States. Efforts to date have made no real headway in stemming this crisis, in large part because tools that already existâ€"like evidence-based medicationsâ€"are not being deployed to maximum impact. To support the dissemination of accurate patient-focused information about treatments for addiction, and to help provide scientific solutions to the current opioid crisis, this report studies the evidence base on medication assisted treatment (MAT) for OUD. It examines available evidence on the range of parameters and circumstances in which MAT can be effectively delivered and identifies additional research needed.

Alcohol and Tobacco

Author : Otto-Michael Lesch,Henriette Walter,Christian Wetschka,Michie Hesselbrock,Victor Hesselbrock
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-01-15
Category : Medical
ISBN : 3709101468

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Book Alcohol and Tobacco Description/Summary:

Alcohol and nicotine addiction mostly occur together. Over the last ten years therapeutic aspects and motivational strategies have been considerably improved. Hence, groups and subgroups have been defined and can be treated with specific medication and tailor-made psychotherapies, leading in the long term to considerably better and more effective results than the once broadly applied, rigorous abstinence -based therapies. However, alcohol and nicotine addiction still represent major medical and social problems. In this book, new therapeutic approaches are comprehensively described, outlining the different interactions between personality, environment and the effects of the substance. In addition to prevention-based therapies and diagnosis, essential psychological and sociological strategies, as well as medication-based therapies, are also presented in detail. All of these therapies have realistic aims and are of global validity. In addition, the book provides a broad overview of the American and European epidemiology of alcohol and nicotine addictions. The book is written for all those who care for and offer professional therapy for alcohol and nicotine-addicted patients.

Cognitive Errors and Diagnostic Mistakes

Author : Jonathan Howard
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-28
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9783319932248

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Book Cognitive Errors and Diagnostic Mistakes Description/Summary:

This case-based book illustrates and explores common cognitive biases and their consequences in the practice of medicine. The book begins with an introduction that explains the concept of cognitive errors and their importance in clinical medicine and current controversies within healthcare. The core of the book features chapters dedicated to particular cognitive biases; cases are presented and followed by a discussion of the clinician's rationale and an overview of the particular cognitive bias. Engaging and easy to read, this text provides strategies on minimizing cognitive errors in various medical and professional settings.

Impulsivity and Compulsivity

Author : John M. Oldham
Publisher : American Psychiatric Pub
Release : 1996
Category : Medical
ISBN : 0880486767

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Book Impulsivity and Compulsivity Description/Summary:

Traditionally, impulsive and compulsive behaviors have been categorized as fundamentally distinct. However, patients often exhibit both of these behaviors. This common comorbidity has sparked renewed interest in the factors contributing to the disorders in which these behaviors are prominent. Impulsivity and Compulsivity applies a provocative spectrum model to this psychopathology. The spectrum model is consistent with a dimensional model for psychopathology and considers the dynamic interaction of biopsychosocial forces in the development of impulsive and compulsive disorders. In this important work on impulsive/compulsive psychopathology, leading researchers and clinicians share their expertise on the phenomenological, biological, psychodynamic, and treatment aspects of these disorders. Differential diagnosis, comorbidity of the impulsive-compulsive spectrum of disorders, and assessment by the seven-factor model of temperament and character are discussed. Chapters are also dedicated to the antianxiety function of impulsivity and compulsivity, defense mechanisms in impulsive disorders versus obsessive-compulsive disorders, and the unique aspects of psychotherapy with impulsive and compulsive patients. Clinical researchers and clinicians will be enlightened by this exceptional work. The information provided is supplemented with clinical vignettes, and the final chapter provides a synthetic summary that offers a unified, dynamic approach to impulsive and compulsive behavior.

Changes in the Brain

Author : Nancy D. Chiaravalloti,Yael Goverover
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-11-24
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9780387981888

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Book Changes in the Brain Description/Summary:

This informative text details the many changes in everyday life as the result of injury, illness, or aging affecting the brain. Experts across brain-related fields trace mechanisms of conditions such as Parkinson’s disease, TBI, and dementia as they impact regions of the brain, and resulting cognitive, emotional, sensory, and motor impairments as they contribute to deficits in personal and social functioning. In addition to symptoms and behaviors associated with insults to the brain (and the extent to which the brain can adapt or self-repair), chapters provide cogent examples of how societal and cultural expectations can shape the context and experience of disability. The book’s focus on everyday activities brings new clarity to diverse links between symptoms and diagnosis, brain and behavior. Included in the coverage: ·The aging brain and changes in daily function. ·Stroke: impact on life and daily function. ·Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the impact on daily life. ·Everyday life with cancer. ·Real-world impact of HIV-associated neurocognitive impairment. ·Disability and public policy in America. ·Living after brain changes, from the patient’s perspective. Rich in empirical data and human insight, Changes in the Brain gives neuropsychologists, clinical psychologists, clinical social workers, and rehabilitation nurses a robust new understanding of the daily lives of patients, both in theory and in the real world.

New Directions in Treatment, Education, and Outreach for Mental Health and Addiction

Author : Thalia MacMillan,Amanda Sisselman-Borgia
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-02-20
Category : Psychology
ISBN : 9783319727783

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Book New Directions in Treatment, Education, and Outreach for Mental Health and Addiction Description/Summary:

This practice-enhancing volume assembles the latest innovative thinking on working with clients who have both mental health diagnoses and substance use disorders. Diagnosis is a central focus of the coverage, untangling the often-knotty considerations surrounding dual diagnosis and the complex issues surrounding treatment even in frequently seen combinations (e.g., depression/alcohol abuse). The section on practice emphasizes meeting patients where they are and making use of their community, cultural, and spiritual contexts in crafting interventions. And the book’s ambitious chapters on professional development describe training programs with the potential to produce the next generation of responsive, knowledgeable, and flexible therapists. Among the topics covered: · Comprehensive assessment of substance abuse and addiction risk in adolescents. · The relationship between attachment and addiction. · Addiction in the community: the role of emergency services. · Substance use during and after major crisis and disaster: a practitioner’s guide. · Practice, advocacy, and outreach: perspectives on addiction services. · Teaching the importance of developing the therapeutic relationship. New Directions in Treatment, Education, and Outreach for Mental Health and Addiction equips health and clinical psychologists, social workers, and addiction counselors and educators with a well-rounded understanding of a growing population, and a wealth of perspectives on effective new interventions.

Alcohol and Aging

Author : Alexis Kuerbis,Alison.A. Moore,Paul Sacco,Faika Zanjani
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-01-24
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9783319472331

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Book Alcohol and Aging Description/Summary:

This book provides a current perspective on alcohol and aging to better understand the trends, costs, benefits, and clinical and community evidenced-based strategies. This book embraces not only the physical, cognitive, psychological, and social health benefits of moderate drinking in the elderly, it also delves into the risks of excessive drinking, including physical and psychiatric morbidity, neurodegeneration, medication complications, and accidents and injuries, and loss of independence. Written by experts in the field, this book is the only current text that includes the most current scientific, research, empirical, and practice information alongside a comprehensive review of the status of the field that will help guide alcohol use management and stimulate future research. Alcohol and Aging is the ultimate resource for all researchers, educators, clinicians, and professionals working with older adults who drink.

Discovering Addiction

Author : Nancy D. Campbell
Publisher : University of Michigan Press
Release : 2019-02-28
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9780472126293

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Book Discovering Addiction Description/Summary:

Discovering Addiction brings the history of human and animal experimentation in addiction science into the present with a wealth of archival research and dozens of oral-history interviews with addiction researchers. Professor Campbell examines the birth of addiction science---the National Academy of Sciences's project to find a pharmacological fix for narcotics addiction in the late 1930s---and then explores the human and primate experimentation involved in the succeeding studies of the "opium problem," revealing how addiction science became "brain science" by the 1990s. Psychoactive drugs have always had multiple personalities---some cause social problems; others solve them---and the study of these drugs involves similar contradictions. Discovering Addiction enriches discussions of bioethics by exploring controversial topics, including the federal prison research that took place in the 1970s---a still unresolved debate that continues to divide the research community---and the effect of new rules regarding informed consent and the calculus of risk and benefit. This fascinating volume is both an informative history and a thought-provoking guide that asks whether it is possible to differentiate between ethical and unethical research by looking closely at how science is made. Nancy D. Campbell is Associate Professor of Science and Technology Studies at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute and the author of Using Women: Gender, Drug Policy, and Social Justice. "Compelling and original, lively and engaging---Discovering Addiction opens up new ways of thinking about drug policy as well as the historical discourses of addiction." ---Carol Stabile, University of Wisconsin--Milwaukee Also available: Student Bodies: The Influence of Student Health Services in American Society and Medicine, by Heather Munro Prescott Illness and the Limits of Expression, by Kathlyn Conway White Coat, Clenched Fist: The Political Education of an American Physician, by Fitzhugh Mullan

The Massachusetts General Hospital Handbook of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Author : Timothy J. Petersen,Susan E. Sprich,Sabine Wilhelm
Publisher : Humana Press
Release : 2015-09-29
Category : Medical
ISBN : 9781493926053

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Book The Massachusetts General Hospital Handbook of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Description/Summary:

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) has a growing evidence base that supports its efficacy in treating a wide range of psychiatric disorders and has been adapted for use with more complicated patient populations and for different stages of psychiatric illness. As the first Massachusetts General Hospital-branded text on the subject, this is a cutting-edge tool that is unlike any current book on CBT. The authors for this handbook are among the world’s foremost experts in their specialty area and are actively engaged in dynamic research evaluating the efficacy of CBT as well as identifying mechanisms of action for this treatment. This title provides in-depth coverage of the historical background of the development of CBT, a comprehensive review of relevant outcomes data, a survey of mechanisms by which CBT exerts its effect, and, most importantly, a take away “tool box” of CBT strategies and techniques that can be immediately implemented in clinicians’ practices. The Massachussetts General Hospital Handbook of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy reaches and improves the clinical practices of a broad base of front line mental health practitioners, including psychiatrists and therapists.

Psychology

Author : Rose M Spielman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-08
Category : Education
ISBN : 1680922378

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Book Psychology Description/Summary:

The images in this textbook are in color. There is a less-expensive non-color version available - search for ISBN 9781680922363. Psychology is designed to meet scope and sequence requirements for the single-semester introduction to psychology course. The book offers a comprehensive treatment of core concepts, grounded in both classic studies and current and emerging research. The text also includes coverage of the DSM-5 in examinations of psychological disorders. Psychology incorporates discussions that reflect the diversity within the discipline, as well as the diversity of cultures and communities across the globe.