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Geometric Models for Noncommutative Algebras

Author : Ana Cannas da Silva,Alan Weinstein
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 1999
Category : Mathematics
ISBN : 0821809520

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Book Geometric Models for Noncommutative Algebras Description/Summary:

The volume is based on a course, ``Geometric Models for Noncommutative Algebras'' taught by Professor Weinstein at Berkeley. Noncommutative geometry is the study of noncommutative algebras as if they were algebras of functions on spaces, for example, the commutative algebras associated to affine algebraic varieties, differentiable manifolds, topological spaces, and measure spaces. In this work, the authors discuss several types of geometric objects (in the usual sense of sets with structure) that are closely related to noncommutative algebras. Central to the discussion are symplectic and Poisson manifolds, which arise when noncommutative algebras are obtained by deforming commutative algebras. The authors also give a detailed study of groupoids (whose role in noncommutative geometry has been stressed by Connes) as well as of Lie algebroids, the infinitesimal approximations to differentiable groupoids. Featured are many interesting examples, applications, and exercises. The book starts with basic definitions and builds to (still) open questions. It is suitable for use as a graduate text. An extensive bibliography and index are included.

Noncommutative Geometry

Author : Alain Connes,Joachim Cuntz,Erik G. Guentner,Nigel Higson,Jerome Kaminker,John E. Roberts
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003-12-08
Category : Mathematics
ISBN : 3540203575

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Book Noncommutative Geometry Description/Summary:

Noncommutative Geometry is one of the most deep and vital research subjects of present-day Mathematics. Its development, mainly due to Alain Connes, is providing an increasing number of applications and deeper insights for instance in Foliations, K-Theory, Index Theory, Number Theory but also in Quantum Physics of elementary particles. The purpose of the Summer School in Martina Franca was to offer a fresh invitation to the subject and closely related topics; the contributions in this volume include the four main lectures, cover advanced developments and are delivered by prominent specialists.

Noncommutative Geometry, Quantum Fields and Motives

Author : Alain Connes,Matilde Marcolli
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2019-03-13
Category : Uncategorized
ISBN : 9781470450458

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Book Noncommutative Geometry, Quantum Fields and Motives Description/Summary:

The unifying theme of this book is the interplay among noncommutative geometry, physics, and number theory. The two main objects of investigation are spaces where both the noncommutative and the motivic aspects come to play a role: space-time, where the guiding principle is the problem of developing a quantum theory of gravity, and the space of primes, where one can regard the Riemann Hypothesis as a long-standing problem motivating the development of new geometric tools. The book stresses the relevance of noncommutative geometry in dealing with these two spaces. The first part of the book deals with quantum field theory and the geometric structure of renormalization as a Riemann-Hilbert correspondence. It also presents a model of elementary particle physics based on noncommutative geometry. The main result is a complete derivation of the full Standard Model Lagrangian from a very simple mathematical input. Other topics covered in the first part of the book are a noncommutative geometry model of dimensional regularization and its role in anomaly computations, and a brief introduction to motives and their conjectural relation to quantum field theory. The second part of the book gives an interpretation of the Weil explicit formula as a trace formula and a spectral realization of the zeros of the Riemann zeta function. This is based on the noncommutative geometry of the adèle class space, which is also described as the space of commensurability classes of Q-lattices, and is dual to a noncommutative motive (endomotive) whose cyclic homology provides a general setting for spectral realizations of zeros of L-functions. The quantum statistical mechanics of the space of Q-lattices, in one and two dimensions, exhibits spontaneous symmetry breaking. In the low-temperature regime, the equilibrium states of the corresponding systems are related to points of classical moduli spaces and the symmetries to the class field theory of the field of rational numbers and of imaginary quadratic fields, as well as to the automorphisms of the field of modular functions. The book ends with a set of analogies between the noncommutative geometries underlying the mathematical formulation of the Standard Model minimally coupled to gravity and the moduli spaces of Q-lattices used in the study of the zeta function.

Noncommutative Geometry and Optimal Transport

Author : Pierre Martinetti,Jean-Christophe Wallet
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2016-10-26
Category : Mathematical optimization
ISBN : 9781470422974

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Book Noncommutative Geometry and Optimal Transport Description/Summary:

The distance formula in noncommutative geometry was introduced by Connes at the end of the 1980s. It is a generalization of Riemannian geodesic distance that makes sense in a noncommutative setting, and provides an original tool to study the geometry of the space of states on an algebra. It also has an intriguing echo in physics, for it yields a metric interpretation for the Higgs field. In the 1990s, Rieffel noticed that this distance is a noncommutative version of the Wasserstein distance of order 1 in the theory of optimal transport. More exactly, this is a noncommutative generalization of Kantorovich dual formula of the Wasserstein distance. Connes distance thus offers an unexpected connection between an ancient mathematical problem and the most recent discovery in high energy physics. The meaning of this connection is far from clear. Yet, Rieffel's observation suggests that Connes distance may provide an interesting starting point for a theory of optimal transport in noncommutative geometry. This volume contains several review papers that will give the reader an extensive introduction to the metric aspect of noncommutative geometry and its possible interpretation as a Wasserstein distance on a quantum space, as well as several topic papers.

Noncommutative Localization in Algebra and Topology

Author : Andrew Ranicki,Department of Mathematics and Statistics Andrew Ranicki
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2006-02-09
Category : Mathematics
ISBN : 052168160X

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Book Noncommutative Localization in Algebra and Topology Description/Summary:

An introduction to noncommutative localization and an account of the state of the art suitable for researchers and graduate students.

Basic Noncommutative Geometry

Author : Masoud Khalkhali
Publisher : European Mathematical Society
Release : 2009
Category : Mathematics
ISBN : 3037190612

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Book Basic Noncommutative Geometry Description/Summary:

"Basic Noncommutative Geometry provides an introduction to noncommutative geometry and some of its applications. The book can be used either as a textbook for a graduate course on the subject or for self-study. It will be useful for graduate students and researchers in mathematics and theoretical physics and all those who are interested in gaining an understanding of the subject. One feature of this book is the wealth of examples and exercises that help the reader to navigate through the subject. While background material is provided in the text and in several appendices, some familiarity with basic notions of functional analysis, algebraic topology, differential geometry and homological algebra at a first year graduate level is helpful. Developed by Alain Connes since the late 1970s, noncommutative geometry has found many applications to long-standing conjectures in topology and geometry and has recently made headways in theoretical physics and number theory. The book starts with a detailed description of some of the most pertinent algebra-geometry correspondences by casting geometric notions in algebraic terms, then proceeds in the second chapter to the idea of a noncommutative space and how it is constructed. The last two chapters deal with homological tools: cyclic cohomology and Connes-Chern characters in K-theory and K-homology, culminating in one commutative diagram expressing the equality of topological and analytic index in a noncommutative setting. Applications to integrality of noncommutative topological invariants are given as well."--Publisher's description.

Topics in Noncommutative Geometry

Author : Guillermo Cortiñas
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2012
Category : Mathematics
ISBN : 9780821868645

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Book Topics in Noncommutative Geometry Description/Summary:

Luis Santalo Winter Schools are organized yearly by the Mathematics Department and the Santalo Mathematical Research Institute of the School of Exact and Natural Sciences of the University of Buenos Aires (FCEN). This volume contains the proceedings of the third Luis Santalo Winter School which was devoted to noncommutative geometry and held at FCEN July 26-August 6, 2010. Topics in this volume concern noncommutative geometry in a broad sense, encompassing various mathematical and physical theories that incorporate geometric ideas to the study of noncommutative phenomena. It explores connections with several areas including algebra, analysis, geometry, topology and mathematical physics. Bursztyn and Waldmann discuss the classification of star products of Poisson structures up to Morita equivalence. Tsygan explains the connections between Kontsevich's formality theorem, noncommutative calculus, operads and index theory. Hoefel presents a concrete elementary construction in operad theory. Meyer introduces the subject of $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebraic crossed products. Rosenberg introduces Kasparov's $KK$-theory and noncommutative tori and includes a discussion of the Baum-Connes conjecture for $K$-theory of crossed products, among other topics. Lafont, Ortiz, and Sanchez-Garcia carry out a concrete computation in connection with the Baum-Connes conjecture. Zuk presents some remarkable groups produced by finite automata. Mesland discusses spectral triples and the Kasparov product in $KK$-theory. Trinchero explores the connections between Connes' noncommutative geometry and quantum field theory. Karoubi demonstrates a construction of twisted $K$-theory by means of twisted bundles. Tabuada surveys the theory of noncommutative motives.

Elements of Noncommutative Geometry

Author : Jose M. Gracia-Bondia,Joseph C. Varilly,Hector Figueroa
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-27
Category : Mathematics
ISBN : 9781461200055

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Book Elements of Noncommutative Geometry Description/Summary:

Noncommutative Geometry and Representation Theory in Mathematical Physics

Author : Jürgen Fuchs
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2005
Category : Mathematics
ISBN : 9780821837184

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Book Noncommutative Geometry and Representation Theory in Mathematical Physics Description/Summary:

Mathematics provides a language in which to formulate the laws that govern nature. It is a language proven to be both powerful and effective. In the quest for a deeper understanding of the fundamental laws of physics, one is led to theories that are increasingly difficult to put to the test. In recent years, many novel questions have emerged in mathematical physics, particularly in quantum field theory. Indeed, several areas of mathematics have lately become increasingly influential in physics and, in turn, have become influenced by developments in physics. Over the last two decades, interactions between mathematicians and physicists have increased enormously and have resulted in a fruitful cross-fertilization of the two communities.This volume contains the plenary talks from the international symposium on Noncommutative Geometry and Representation Theory in Mathematical Physics held at Karlstad University (Sweden) as a satellite conference to the Fourth European Congress of Mathematics. The scope of the volume is large and its content is relevant to various scientific communities interested in noncommutative geometry and representation theory. It offers a comprehensive view of the state of affairs for these two branches of mathematical physics. The book is suitable for graduate students and researchers interested in mathematical physics.

Quantum Field Theory and Noncommutative Geometry

Author : Ursula Carow-Watamura,Yoshiaki Maeda
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-02-21
Category : Mathematics
ISBN : 3540239006

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Book Quantum Field Theory and Noncommutative Geometry Description/Summary:

This volume reflects the growing collaboration between mathematicians and theoretical physicists to treat the foundations of quantum field theory using the mathematical tools of q-deformed algebras and noncommutative differential geometry. A particular challenge is posed by gravity, which probably necessitates extension of these methods to geometries with minimum length and therefore quantization of space. This volume builds on the lectures and talks that have been given at a recent meeting on "Quantum Field Theory and Noncommutative Geometry." A considerable effort has been invested in making the contributions accessible to a wider community of readers - so this volume will not only benefit researchers in the field but also postgraduate students and scientists from related areas wishing to become better acquainted with this field.

Groupoids, Inverse Semigroups, and their Operator Algebras

Author : Alan Paterson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
Category : Mathematics
ISBN : 9781461217749

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Book Groupoids, Inverse Semigroups, and their Operator Algebras Description/Summary:

In recent years, it has become increasingly clear that there are important connections relating three concepts -- groupoids, inverse semigroups, and operator algebras. There has been a great deal of progress in this area over the last two decades, and this book gives a careful, up-to-date and reasonably extensive account of the subject matter. After an introductory first chapter, the second chapter presents a self-contained account of inverse semigroups, locally compact and r-discrete groupoids, and Lie groupoids. The section on Lie groupoids in chapter 2 contains a detailed discussion of groupoids particularly important in noncommutative geometry, including the holonomy groupoids of a foliated manifold and the tangent groupoid of a manifold. The representation theories of locally compact and r-discrete groupoids are developed in the third chapter, and it is shown that the C*-algebras of r-discrete groupoids are the covariance C*-algebras for inverse semigroup actions on locally compact Hausdorff spaces. A final chapter associates a universal r-discrete groupoid with any inverse semigroup. Six subsequent appendices treat topics related to those covered in the text. The book should appeal to a wide variety of professional mathematicians and graduate students in fields such as operator algebras, analysis on groupoids, semigroup theory, and noncommutative geometry. It will also be of interest to mathematicians interested in tilings and theoretical physicists whose focus is modeling quasicrystals with tilings. An effort has been made to make the book lucid and 'user friendly"; thus it should be accessible to any reader with a basic background in measure theory and functional analysis.

Noncommutative Geometry and Particle Physics

Author : Walter D. van Suijlekom
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-07-21
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789401791625

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Book Noncommutative Geometry and Particle Physics Description/Summary:

This book provides an introduction to noncommutative geometry and presents a number of its recent applications to particle physics. It is intended for graduate students in mathematics/theoretical physics who are new to the field of noncommutative geometry, as well as for researchers in mathematics/theoretical physics with an interest in the physical applications of noncommutative geometry. In the first part, we introduce the main concepts and techniques by studying finite noncommutative spaces, providing a “light” approach to noncommutative geometry. We then proceed with the general framework by defining and analyzing noncommutative spin manifolds and deriving some main results on them, such as the local index formula. In the second part, we show how noncommutative spin manifolds naturally give rise to gauge theories, applying this principle to specific examples. We subsequently geometrically derive abelian and non-abelian Yang-Mills gauge theories, and eventually the full Standard Model of particle physics, and conclude by explaining how noncommutative geometry might indicate how to proceed beyond the Standard Model.

Algebraic Integrability, Painlevé Geometry and Lie Algebras

Author : Mark Adler,Pierre van Moerbeke,Pol Vanhaecke
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-14
Category : Mathematics
ISBN : 9783662056509

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Book Algebraic Integrability, Painlevé Geometry and Lie Algebras Description/Summary:

This Ergebnisse volume is aimed at a wide readership of mathematicians and physicists, graduate students and professionals. The main thrust of the book is to show how algebraic geometry, Lie theory and Painlevé analysis can be used to explicitly solve integrable differential equations and construct the algebraic tori on which they linearize; at the same time, it is, for the student, a playing ground to applying algebraic geometry and Lie theory. The book is meant to be reasonably self-contained and presents numerous examples. The latter appear throughout the text to illustrate the ideas, and make up the core of the last part of the book. The first part of the book contains the basic tools from Lie groups, algebraic and differential geometry to understand the main topic.

Quantum Algebras and Poisson Geometry in Mathematical Physics

Author : Mikhail Vladimirovich Karasev,Elena M. Novikova,Yurii Mikhailovich Vorobjev
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2005
Category : Mathematics
ISBN : 0821840401

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Book Quantum Algebras and Poisson Geometry in Mathematical Physics Description/Summary:

This collection presents new and interesting applications of Poisson geometry to some fundamental well-known problems in mathematical physics. The methods used by the authors include, in addition to advanced Poisson geometry, unexpected algebras with non-Lie commutation relations, nontrivial (quantum) Kahlerian structures of hypergeometric type, dynamical systems theory, semiclassical asymptotics, etc.

Advances in Noncommutative Geometry

Author : Ali Chamseddine,Caterina Consani,Nigel Higson,Masoud Khalkhali,Henri Moscovici,Guoliang Yu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-13
Category : Mathematics
ISBN : 9783030295974

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Book Advances in Noncommutative Geometry Description/Summary:

This authoritative volume in honor of Alain Connes, the foremost architect of Noncommutative Geometry, presents the state-of-the art in the subject. The book features an amalgam of invited survey and research papers that will no doubt be accessed, read, and referred to, for several decades to come. The pertinence and potency of new concepts and methods are concretely illustrated in each contribution. Much of the content is a direct outgrowth of the Noncommutative Geometry conference, held March 23–April 7, 2017, in Shanghai, China. The conference covered the latest research and future areas of potential exploration surrounding topology and physics, number theory, as well as index theory and its ramifications in geometry.

Geometric and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory

Author : Hernan Ocampo,Eddy Pariguan,Sylvie Paycha
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010-04-29
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781139486736

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Book Geometric and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory Description/Summary:

Aimed at graduate students in physics and mathematics, this book provides an introduction to recent developments in several active topics at the interface between algebra, geometry, topology and quantum field theory. The first part of the book begins with an account of important results in geometric topology. It investigates the differential equation aspects of quantum cohomology, before moving on to noncommutative geometry. This is followed by a further exploration of quantum field theory and gauge theory, describing AdS/CFT correspondence, and the functional renormalization group approach to quantum gravity. The second part covers a wide spectrum of topics on the borderline of mathematics and physics, ranging from orbifolds to quantum indistinguishability and involving a manifold of mathematical tools borrowed from geometry, algebra and analysis. Each chapter presents introductory material before moving on to more advanced results. The chapters are self-contained and can be read independently of the rest.

Groupoids in Analysis, Geometry, and Physics

Author : Geometry AMS-IMS-SIAM Joint Summer Research Conference on Groupoids in Analysis,Arlan Ramsay,Jean Renault,AMS-IMS-SIAM JOINT SUMMER RESEARCH CONFERENCE ON G,Geometry Ams-Ims-Siam Joint Summer Research Conference on Groupoids I
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2001
Category : Mathematics
ISBN : 9780821820421

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Book Groupoids in Analysis, Geometry, and Physics Description/Summary:

Groupoids often occur when there is symmetry of a nature not expressible in terms of groups. Other uses of groupoids can involve something of a dynamical nature. Indeed, some of the main examples come from group actions. It should also be noted that in many situations where groupoids have been used, the main emphasis has not been on symmetry or dynamics issues. For example, a foliation is an equivalence relation and has another groupoid associated with it, called the holonomy groupoid. While the implicit symmetry and dynamics are relevant, the groupoid records mostly the structure of the space of leaves and the holonomy.More generally, the use of groupoids is very much related to various notions of orbit equivalence. The point of view that groupoids describe 'singular spaces' can be found in the work of A. Grothendieck and is prevalent in the non-commutative geometry of A. Connes. This book presents the proceedings from the Joint Summer Research Conference on 'Groupoids in Analysis, Geometry, and Physics' held in Boulder, CO. The book begins with an introduction to ways in which groupoids allow a more comprehensive view of symmetry than is seen via groups. Topics range from foliations, pseudo-differential operators, $KK$-theory, amenability, Fell bundles, and index theory to quantization of Poisson manifolds. Readers will find examples of important tools for working with groupoids. This book is geared to students and researchers. It is intended to improve their understanding of groupoids and to encourage them to look further while learning about the tools used.

Hopf Algebras and Generalizations

Author : Louis H. Kauffman,David E. Radford,Fernando José Oliveira Souza
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2007
Category : Mathematics
ISBN : 9780821838204

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Book Hopf Algebras and Generalizations Description/Summary:

Hopf algebras have proved to be very interesting structures with deep connections to various areas of mathematics, particularly through quantum groups. Indeed, the study of Hopf algebras, their representations, their generalizations, and the categories related to all these objects has an interdisciplinary nature. It finds methods, relationships, motivations and applications throughout algebra, category theory, topology, geometry, quantum field theory, quantum gravity, and also combinatorics, logic, and theoretical computer science. This volume portrays the vitality of contemporary research in Hopf algebras. Altogether, the articles in the volume explore essential aspects of Hopf algebras and some of their best-known generalizations by means of a variety of approaches and perspectives. They make use of quite different techniques that are already consolidated in the area of quantum algebra. This volume demonstrates the diversity and richness of its subject. Most of its papers introduce the reader to their respective contexts and structures through very expository preliminary sections.

Geometric and Algebraic Topological Methods in Quantum Mechanics

Author : Giovanni Giachetta,Luigi Mangiarotti,Gennadi Sardanashvily
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2005-01-27
Category : Science
ISBN : 9789814481144

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Book Geometric and Algebraic Topological Methods in Quantum Mechanics Description/Summary:

' In the last decade, the development of new ideas in quantum theory, including geometric and deformation quantization, the non-Abelian Berry's geometric factor, super- and BRST symmetries, non-commutativity, has called into play the geometric techniques based on the deep interplay between algebra, differential geometry and topology. The book aims at being a guide to advanced differential geometric and topological methods in quantum mechanics. Their main peculiarity lies in the fact that geometry in quantum theory speaks mainly the algebraic language of rings, modules, sheaves and categories. Geometry is by no means the primary scope of the book, but it underlies many ideas in modern quantum physics and provides the most advanced schemes of quantization. Contents:Commutative GeometryClassical Hamiltonian SystemsAlgebraic QuantizationGeometry of Algebraic QuantizationGeometric QuantizationSupergeometryDeformation QuantizationNon-Commutative GeometryGeometry of Quantum Groups Readership: Theoreticians and mathematicians of postgraduate and research level. Keywords:Algebraic Quantum Theory;Poisson Manifold;Hilbert Manifold;Geometric Quantization;Deformation Quantization;Supergeometry;Noncommutative Geometry;Constraint System;Quantum GroupKey Features:The book collects all the advanced methods of quantization in the last decadeIt presents in a compact way all the necessary up to date mathematical tools to be used in studying quantum problems.Reviews:“This book is well-written and I am convinced that it will be useful to all those interested in quantum theory.”Zentralblatt MATH “With respect to a propsective reader having a reasonably good background in mathematics, the notions, concepts, etc, are introduced in a self-contained but condensed manner … The book gives a very helpful supply of mathematical tools needed by a theoretical or mathematical physicist to effect entry into some of the new directions in theoretical physics. Also, a mathematician might appreciate the condensed presentation of definitions and results in one of the modern fields of mathematics for which one may be seeking an overview.”Mathematical Reviews '

Geometric and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory

Author : Alexander Cardona,Iván Contreras,Andrés F. Reyes-Lega
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2013-05-09
Category : Science
ISBN : 9781107026834

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Book Geometric and Topological Methods for Quantum Field Theory Description/Summary:

"Based on lectures given at the renowed Villa de Leyva summer school, this book provides a unique presentation of modern geometric methods in quantum field theory. Written by experts, it enables readers to enter some of the most fascinating research topics in this subject. Covering a series of topics on geometry, topology, algebra, number theory methods and their applications to quantum field theory, the book covers topics such as Dirac structures, holomorphic bundles and stability, Feynman integrals, geometric aspects of quantum field theory and the standard model, spectral and Riemannian geometry and index theory. This is a valuable guide for graduate students and researchers in physics and mathematics wanting to enter this interesting research field at the borderline between mathematics and physics"--