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Gender and Assimilation in Modern Jewish History

Author : Paula E. Hyman
Publisher : University of Washington Press
Release : 2017-05-01
Category : History
ISBN : 9780295806822


Book Gender and Assimilation in Modern Jewish History Description/Summary:

Paula Hyman broadens and revises earlier analyses of Jewish assimilation, which depicted �the Jews� as though they were all men, by focusing on women and the domestic as well as the public realms. Surveying Jewish accommodations to new conditions in Europe and the United States in the years between 1850 and 1950, she retrieves the experience of women as reflected in their writings--memoirs, newspaper and journal articles, and texts of speeches--and finds that Jewish women�s patterns of assimilation differed from men�s and that an examination of those differences exposes the tensions inherent in the project of Jewish assimilation. Patterns of assimilation varied not only between men and women but also according to geographical locale and social class. Germany, France, England, and the United States offered some degree of civic equality to their Jewish populations, and by the last third of the nineteenth century, their relatively small Jewish communities were generally defined by their middle-class characteristics. In contrast, the eastern European nations contained relatively large and overwhelmingly non-middle-class Jewish population. Hyman considers how these differences between East and West influenced gender norms, which in turn shaped Jewish women�s responses to the changing conditions of the modern world, and how they merged in the large communities of eastern European Jewish immigrants in the United States. The book concludes with an exploration of the sexual politics of Jewish identity. Hyman argues that the frustration of Jewish men at their �feminization� in societies in which they had achieved political equality and economic success was manifested in their criticism of, and distancing from, Jewish women. The book integrates a wide range of primary and secondary sources to incorporate Jewish women�s history into one of the salient themes in modern Jewish history, that of assimilation. The book is addressed to a wide audience: those with an interest in modern Jewish history, in women�s history, and in ethnic studies and all who are concerned with the experience and identity of Jews in the modern world.

Gender and Jewish History

Author : Marion A. Kaplan,Deborah Dash Moore
Publisher : Indiana University Press
Release : 2011
Category : History
ISBN : 9780253222633


Book Gender and Jewish History Description/Summary:

"A Major Collection of Scholarship that Contains the most up-to-Date, Indeed Cutting-Edge Work on Gender and Jewish History by Several Generations of Top Scholars."---Atina Grossmann, the Cooper Union By Revealing the Importance of gender in interpreting the Jewish past, this collection of original essays highlights the profound influence that feminist scholarship has had on the study of Jewish history since the 1970s. Gender and Jewish History considers the impact of gender on Jewish religious practices and political behavior, educational accomplishments and communal structures, acculturation and choice of occupations. The book stimulates conversations on such topics as Jewish women's creativity and spirituality, violence against women, Jews' reactions to persecution in the Holocaust, and Judaism as lived religion and culture. Honoring Paula E. Hyman, one of the founders of Jewish gender studies, this volume shows gender to be an eye-opening entry into realms of Jewish history previously untouched by it.

Jewish Women in Historical Perspective

Author : Wegner, Judith Romney,Kraemer, Ross S.,Melammed, Renee Levine,Niditch, Susan
Publisher : Wayne State University Press
Release : 1998
Category : History
ISBN : 0814327133


Book Jewish Women in Historical Perspective Description/Summary:

A collection of fully-revised and new essays that explore the richness of Jewish women's history.

Leaving the Jewish Fold

Author : Todd Endelman
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2015-02-22
Category : History
ISBN : 9780691004792


Book Leaving the Jewish Fold Description/Summary:

Between the French Revolution and World War II, hundreds of thousands of Jews left the Jewish fold—by becoming Christians or, in liberal states, by intermarrying. Telling the stories of both famous and obscure individuals, Leaving the Jewish Fold explores the nature of this drift and defection from Judaism in Europe and America from the eighteenth century to today. Arguing that religious conviction was rarely a motive for Jews who became Christians, Todd Endelman shows that those who severed their Jewish ties were driven above all by pragmatic concerns—especially the desire to escape the stigma of Jewishness and its social, occupational, and emotional burdens. Through a detailed and colorful narrative, Endelman considers the social settings, national contexts, and historical circumstances that encouraged Jews to abandon Judaism, and factors that worked to the opposite effect. Demonstrating that anti-Jewish prejudice weighed more heavily on the Jews of Germany and Austria than those living in France and other liberal states as early as the first half of the nineteenth century, he reexamines how Germany's political and social development deviated from other European states. Endelman also reveals that liberal societies such as Great Britain and the United States, which tolerated Jewish integration, promoted radical assimilation and the dissolution of Jewish ties as often as hostile, illiberal societies such as Germany and Poland. Bringing together extensive research across several languages, Leaving the Jewish Fold will be the essential work on conversion and assimilation in modern Jewish history for years to come.

Jewish Women in Eastern Europe

Author : ChaeRan Y. Freeze,Paula Hyman,Antony Polonsky
Publisher : Littman Library of Jewish
Release : 2005
Category : History
ISBN : 1874774935


Book Jewish Women in Eastern Europe Description/Summary:

This is the first collection of essays devoted to the study of Jewish womens experiences in eastern Europe. It attempts to go beyond mere description of what women experienced and to explore how gender constructed distinct experiences and identities. It is an important first step in the rethinking of east European Jewish history with the aid of new insights gleaned from the research on gender.

Still Jewish

Author : Keren R. McGinity
Publisher : NYU Press
Release : 2012-01-01
Category : History
ISBN : 9780814764343


Book Still Jewish Description/Summary:

Describes the lives of Jewish women who have married outside their religion and how they have maintained their Jewish identity, and discusses how interfaith relationships have been portrayed in the media.

The Vanishing American Jew

Author : Alan M. Dershowitz
Publisher : Little, Brown
Release : 2000-01-06
Category : Religion
ISBN : 0446930504


Book The Vanishing American Jew Description/Summary:

In this urgent book, Alan M. Dershowitz shows why American Jews are in danger of disappearing - and what must be done now to create a renewed sense of Jewish identity for the next century. In previous times, the threats to Jewish survival were external - the virulent consequences of anti-Semitism. Now, however, in late-twentieth-century America, the danger has shifted. Jews today are more secure, more accepted, more assimilated, and more successful than ever before. They've dived into the melting pot - and they've achieved the American Dream. And that, according to Dershowitz, is precisely the problem. More than 50 percent of Jews will marry non-Jews, and their children will most often be raised as non-Jews. Which means, in the view of Dershowitz, that American Jews will vanish as a distinct cultural group sometime in the next century - unless they act now. Speaking to concerned Jews everywhere, Dershowitz calls for a new Jewish identity that focuses on the positive - the 3,500-year-old legacy of Jewish culture, values, and traditions. Dershowitz shows how this new Jewish identity can compete in America's open environment of opportunity and choice - and offers concrete proposals on how to instill it in the younger generation.

Modern Judaism and Historical Consciousness

Author : Andreas Gotzmann,Christian Wiese
Publisher : BRILL
Release : 2007-05-11
Category : Religion
ISBN : 9789047420040


Book Modern Judaism and Historical Consciousness Description/Summary:

Written by leading authors in their respective fields, this first comprehensive handbook on the relationship between modern Judaism and historical thinking contributes to a differentiated interpretation of Jewish historiography and its interaction with other academic disciplines since the Enlightenment.

The Quest for Jewish Assimilation in Modern Social Science

Author : Amos Morris-Reich
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2008-01-15
Category : Religion
ISBN : 9781135900922


Book The Quest for Jewish Assimilation in Modern Social Science Description/Summary:

The transformation of the human sciences into the social sciences in the third part of the 19th century was closely related to attempts to develop and implement methods for dealing with social tensions and the rationalization of society. This book studies the connections between academic disciplines and notions of Jewish assimilation and integration and demonstrates that the quest for Jewish assimilation is linked to and built into the conceptual foundations of modern social science disciplines. Focusing on two influential "assimilated" Jewish authors—anthropologist Franz Boas and sociologist Georg Simmel—this study shows that epistemological considerations underlie the authors’ respective evaluations of the Jews’ assimilation in German and American societies as a form of "group extinction" or as a form of "social identity." This conceptual model gives a new "key" to understanding pivotal issues in recent Jewish history and in the history of the social sciences.

Gendering Modern Jewish Thought

Author : Andrea Dara Cooper
Publisher : Indiana University Press
Release : 2021-11-02
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9780253057556


Book Gendering Modern Jewish Thought Description/Summary:

The idea of brotherhood has been an important philosophical concept for understanding community, equality, and justice. In Gendering Modern Jewish Thought, Andrea Dara Cooper offers a gendered reading that challenges the key figures of the all-male fraternity of twentieth-century Jewish philosophy to open up to the feminine. Cooper offers a feminist lens, which when applied to thinkers such as Franz Rosenzweig and Emmanuel Levinas, reveals new ways of illuminating questions of relational ethics, embodiment, politics, and positionality. She shows that patriarchal kinship as models of erotic love, brotherhood, and paternity are not accidental in Jewish philosophy, but serve as norms that have excluded women and non-normative individuals. Gendering Modern Jewish Thought suggests these fraternal models do real damage and must be brought to account in more broadly humanistic frameworks. For Cooper, a more responsible and ethical reading of Jewish philosophy comes forward when it is opened to the voices of mothers, sisters, and daughters.

My Life as a Radical Jewish Woman

Author : Puah Rakovsky
Publisher : Indiana University Press
Release : 2003-09
Category : Biography & Autobiography
ISBN : 9780253215642


Book My Life as a Radical Jewish Woman Description/Summary:

Autobiography of Puah Rakovsky, who broke from traditional upbringng to become a professional educator, Zionist activist, and feminist leader in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century Poland.

Jews and Gender

Author : Jonathan Frankel
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2001-02-08
Category : Religion
ISBN : 0195349776


Book Jews and Gender Description/Summary:

Volume XVI in this well-received annual series contains an up-to-date survey of gender issues in modern Judaism. It includes original essays on Orthodox Judaism and feminism, American Jewish women, female rabbis, the impact of feminism on rabbinic study, masculinity, Jewish women in the Third Reich, and gender and military service.

The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Studies

Author : Martin Goodman,Jeremy Cohen,David Sorkin
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release : 2002
Category : Religion
ISBN : 0199280320


Book The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Studies Description/Summary:

The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Studies reflects the current state of scholarship in the field as analyzed by an international team of experts in the different and varied areas represented within contemporary Jewish Studies. Unlike recent attempts to encapsulate the current state of Jewish Studies, the Oxford Handbook is more than a mere compendium of agreed facts; rather, it is an exhaustive survey of current interests and directions in the field.

Modern Jewish Women Writers in America

Author : E. Avery
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2007-05-28
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9780230604841


Book Modern Jewish Women Writers in America Description/Summary:

This collection includes groundbreaking essays, and interviews with scholars and writers which reveal that despite pressures of assimilation, personal goals, and in some cases, anti-Semitism, they have never been able to divorce their lives or literature from their heritage.

The Jewish Woman in America

Author : Charlotte Baum,Paula Hyman,Sonya Michel
Publisher : Plume
Release : 1977
Category : Jewish women
ISBN : UOM:39076000873591


Book The Jewish Woman in America Description/Summary:

Gender, Orientalism and the Jewish Nation

Author : Lynne M. Swarts
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Release : 2020-01-23
Category : Art
ISBN : 9781501336157


Book Gender, Orientalism and the Jewish Nation Description/Summary:

Ephraim Moses Lilien (1874-1925) was one of the most important Jewish artists of modern times. As a successful illustrator, photographer, painter and printer, he became the first major Zionist artist. Surprisingly there has been little in-depth scholarly research and analysis of Lilien's work available in English, making this book an important contribution to historical and art-historical scholarship. Concentrating mainly on his illustrations for journals and books, Lynne Swarts acknowledges the importance of Lilien's groundbreaking male iconography in Zionist art, but is the first to examine Lilien's complex and nuanced depiction of women, which comprised a major dimension of his work. Lilien's female images offer a compelling glimpse of an alternate, independent and often sexually liberated modern Jewish woman, a portrayal that often eluded the Zionist imagination. Using an interdisciplinary approach to integrate intellectual and cultural history with issues of gender, Jewish history and visual culture, Swarts also explores the important fin de siècle tensions between European and Oriental expressions of Jewish femininity. The work demonstrates that Lilien was not a minor figure in the European art scene, but a major figure whose work needs re-reading in light of his cosmopolitan and national artistic genius.

Women Remaking American Judaism

Author : Riv-Ellen Prell
Publisher : Wayne State University Press
Release : 2007
Category : Religion
ISBN : 0814332803


Book Women Remaking American Judaism Description/Summary:

Description of the changes in American Judaism to ensure that its rituals, texts and liturgies reflected the lives of women.

The Bloomsbury Companion to Jewish Studies

Author : Dean Phillip Bell
Publisher : A&C Black
Release : 2013-08-15
Category : Religion
ISBN : 9781472513267


Book The Bloomsbury Companion to Jewish Studies Description/Summary:

The Bloomsbury Companion to Jewish Studies is a comprehensive reference guide, providing an overview of Jewish Studies as it has developed as an academic sub-discipline. This volume surveys the development and current state of research in the broad field of Jewish Studies - focusing on central themes, methodologies, and varieties of source materials available. It includes 11 core essays from internationally-renowned scholars and teachers that provide an important and useful overview of Jewish history and the development of Judaism, while exploring central issues in Jewish Studies that cut across historical periods and offer important opportunities to track significant themes throughout the diversity of Jewish experiences. In addition to a bibliography to help orient students and researchers, the volume includes a series of indispensable research tools, including a chronology, maps, and a glossary of key terms and concepts. This is the essential reference guide for anyone working in or exploring the rich and dynamic field of Jewish Studies.

The Jew's Daughter

Author : Efraim Sicher
Publisher : Lexington Books
Release : 2017-05-04
Category : Religion
ISBN : 9781498527798


Book The Jew's Daughter Description/Summary:

An innovative study of the gendering of ethnic difference in Western society, Sicher’s multidisciplinary, comparative analysis shows how racialized images have persisted and helped to form prejudiced views of the Other.

A Jewish Feminine Mystique?

Author : Hasia Diner,Shira Kohn,Rachel Kranson
Publisher : Rutgers University Press
Release : 2010-09-10
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9780813550305


Book A Jewish Feminine Mystique? Description/Summary:

In The Feminine Mystique, Jewish-raised Betty Friedan struck out against a postwar American culture that pressured women to play the role of subservient housewives. However, Friedan never acknowledged that many American women refused to retreat from public life during these years. Now, A Jewish Feminine Mystique? examines how Jewish women sought opportunities and created images that defied the stereotypes and prescriptive ideology of the "feminine mystique." As workers with or without pay, social justice activists, community builders, entertainers, and businesswomen, most Jewish women championed responsibilities outside their homes. Jewishness played a role in shaping their choices, shattering Friedan's assumptions about how middle-class women lived in the postwar years. Focusing on ordinary Jewish women as well as prominent figures such as Judy Holliday, Jennie Grossinger, and Herman Wouk's fictional Marjorie Morningstar, leading scholars explore the wide canvas upon which American Jewish women made their mark after the Second World War.