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Democracy and the Welfare State

Author : Amy Gutmann
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2020-09-01
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9780691217956

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Book Democracy and the Welfare State Description/Summary:

The essays in this volume explore the moral foundations and the political prospects of the welfare state in the United States. Among the questions addressed are the following: Has public support for the welfare state faded? Can a democratic state provide welfare without producing dependency on welfare? Is a capitalist (or socialist) economy consistent with the preservation of equal liberty and equal opportunity for all citizens? Why and in what ways does the welfare state discriminate against women? Can we justify limiting immigration for the sake of safeguarding the welfare of Americans? How can elementary and secondary education be distributed consistently with democratic values? The volume confronts powerful criticisms that have been leveled against the welfare state by conservatives, liberals, and radicals and suggests reforms in welfare state programs that might meet these criticisms. The contributors are Joseph H. Carens, Jon Elster, Robert K. Fullinwider, Amy Gutmann, Jennifer L. Hochschild, Stanley Kelley, Jr., Richard Krouse, Michael McPherson, J. Donald Moon, Carole Pateman, Dennis Thompson, and Michael Walzer.

Development, Democracy, and Welfare States

Author : Stephan Haggard,Robert R. Kaufman
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2020-06-23
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 9780691214153

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Book Development, Democracy, and Welfare States Description/Summary:

This is the first book to compare the distinctive welfare states of Latin America, East Asia, and Eastern Europe. Stephan Haggard and Robert Kaufman trace the historical origins of social policy in these regions to crucial political changes in the mid-twentieth century, and show how the legacies of these early choices are influencing welfare reform following democratization and globalization. After World War II, communist regimes in Eastern Europe adopted wide-ranging socialist entitlements while conservative dictatorships in East Asia sharply limited social security but invested in education. In Latin America, where welfare systems were instituted earlier, unequal social-security systems favored formal sector workers and the middle class. Haggard and Kaufman compare the different welfare paths of the countries in these regions following democratization and the move toward more open economies. Although these transformations generated pressure to reform existing welfare systems, economic performance and welfare legacies exerted a more profound influence. The authors show how exclusionary welfare systems and economic crisis in Latin America created incentives to adopt liberal social-policy reforms, while social entitlements from the communist era limited the scope of liberal reforms in the new democracies of Eastern Europe. In East Asia, high growth and permissive fiscal conditions provided opportunities to broaden social entitlements in the new democracies. This book highlights the importance of placing the contemporary effects of democratization and globalization into a broader historical context.

Democracy and the Welfare State

Author : Alice Kessler-Harris,Maurizio Vaudagna
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
Category : Capitalism
ISBN : 0231180349

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Book Democracy and the Welfare State Description/Summary:

Though the "two Wests," Europe and the United States, differ in crucial respects, they share a common history of social rights. In Democracy and the Welfare State, leading historians and social scientists rethink this history in light of global transformations of the economic order and the onslaught of neoliberalism and right-wing populism.

Democracy and the Welfare State

Author : Alice Kessler-Harris,Maurizio Vaudagna
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 0231180357

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Book Democracy and the Welfare State Description/Summary:

Though the "two Wests," Europe and the United States, differ in crucial respects, they share a common history of social rights. In Democracy and the Welfare State, leading historians and social scientists rethink this history in light of global transformations of the economic order and the onslaught of neoliberalism and right-wing populism.

Development and Crisis of the Welfare State

Author : Evelyne Huber,John D. Stephens
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2010-04-15
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 9780226356495

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Book Development and Crisis of the Welfare State Description/Summary:

Evelyne Huber and John D. Stephens offer the most systematic examination to date of the origins, character, effects, and prospects of generous welfare states in advanced industrial democracies in the post—World War II era. They demonstrate that prolonged government by different parties results in markedly different welfare states, with strong differences in levels of poverty and inequality. Combining quantitative studies with historical qualitative research, the authors look closely at nine countries that achieved high degrees of social protection through different types of welfare regimes: social democratic states, Christian democratic states, and "wage earner" states. In their analysis, the authors emphasize the distribution of influence between political parties and labor movements, and also focus on the underestimated importance of gender as a basis for mobilization. Building on their previous research, Huber and Stephens show how high wages and generous welfare states are still possible in an age of globalization and trade competition.

Social Capitalism

Author : Kees van Kersbergen
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2003-09-02
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 9781134818341

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Book Social Capitalism Description/Summary:

First published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

A Democratic Architecture for the Welfare State

Author : Victor A. Pestoff
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2008-10-27
Category : Business & Economics
ISBN : 9781134024476

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Book A Democratic Architecture for the Welfare State Description/Summary:

The welfare state faces various challenges in Scandinavia and many European countries today, including a poor work environment in the public sector, a growing democracy deficit, and demographic obstacles. In this new book, Victor A. Pestoff argues that the state cannot resolve these challenges alone or together with the market, rather it requires the active participation of citizens and the third sector in order to overcome them and become more sustainable and flexible in the future. This book addresses the need for a more democratic architecture for the European welfare state, opening new perspectives for developing alternative channels for direct citizen participation at the sub-municipal level of governance. Pestoff finds that neither democratic theory nor welfare state theory devotes adequate attention to the contemporary role of the third sector as a service provider or to greater direct citizen participation in the provision of welfare services. He shifts the focus of analysis from the input to the output side of the political system and explores new ways to promote a greater role for the third sector and more citizen participation in the provision of universal, tax financed welfare services. Part 1 discusses social economy actors in Sweden and Scandinavia, both from a historical and future perspective. Part 2 explores major issues for the third sector and welfare state, including the allocation of an organization’s surplus or profit, work environment and service quality in public services and the third sector, consumer perspectives on the social economy, democratizing medical and health care in Japan, and co-production of childcare services in eight European countries. Part 3 revisits the third sector and state in democratic theory and welfare theory, as well as recognizing major hurdles to the third sector and democratization of the welfare state. Part 4 concludes by summarizing the politics of participation in the welfare state.

Reflexive Democracy

Author : Kevin Olson
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2006-04-28
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 9780262264013

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Book Reflexive Democracy Description/Summary:

An argument for justifying the welfare state politically rather than economically, based on an ideal of democratic equality. Since the Reagan and Thatcher revolutions of the 1980s, there has been little consensus on what welfare ought to do or how it ought to function. At the same time, post-Wall continental Europe searches for a "third way" between state-planned socialism and laissez-faire capitalism. In Reflexive Democracy, Kevin Olson takes on this contemporary conceptual crisis. He calls for a "political turn" in considerations of the welfare state, arguing that it should no longer be understood in primarily economic terms—as a redistributive and regulatory mechanism—but in political terms, as a means of living up to deep-seated values of political equality. Drawing on arguments by T. H. Marshall and Jürgen Habermas, Olson proposes a conception of political equality as the normative basis of the welfare state. He argues that there are inextricable connections between democracy and welfare: the welfare state both promotes political equality and depends on it for its own political legitimacy. The paradox of political equality as a precondition for political equality is best solved, Olson argues, by guaranteeing citizens the means for equal participation. This is a reflexive conception of democracy, in which democratic politics circles back to sustain the conditions of equality that make it possible. This view, Olson writes, is meant not to replace traditional economic concerns but to reveal deep interconnections between democratic equality and economic justice. It counters paternalistic ideas of welfare reform by focusing on citizen participation. This conception moves beyond simple equality in the possession of goods and resources to propose a rich, materially grounded conception of democratic equality.

Social Capitalism

Author : Kees van Kersbergen
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2003-09-02
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 9781134818334

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Book Social Capitalism Description/Summary:

First published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Why Welfare States Persist

Author : Clem Brooks,Jeff Manza
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2008-09-15
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 9780226075952

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Book Why Welfare States Persist Description/Summary:

The world’s richer democracies all provide such public benefits as pensions and health care, but why are some far more generous than others? And why, in the face of globalization and fiscal pressures, has the welfare state not been replaced by another model? Reconsidering the myriad issues raised by such pressing questions, Clem Brooks and Jeff Manza contend here that public opinion has been an important, yet neglected, factor in shaping welfare states in recent decades. Analyzing data on sixteen countries, Brooks and Manza find that the preferences of citizens profoundly influence the welfare policies of their governments and the behavior of politicians in office. Shaped by slow-moving forces such as social institutions and collective memories, these preferences have counteracted global pressures that many commentators assumed would lead to the welfare state’s demise. Moreover, Brooks and Manza show that cross-national differences in popular support help explain why Scandinavian social democracies offer so much more than liberal democracies such as the United States and the United Kingdom. Significantly expanding our understanding of both public opinion and social policy in the world’s most developed countries, this landmark study will be essential reading for scholars of political economy, public opinion, and democratic theory.

Democracy, Justice, and the Welfare State

Author : Julie Anne White
Publisher : Penn State Press
Release : 2010-11-01
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 0271039337

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Book Democracy, Justice, and the Welfare State Description/Summary:

The commitment to &“end welfare as we know it&” shaped public policy in the 1990s. Analysts all seemed to agree that public welfare programs were a resounding failure. What should better public care look like? Democracy, Justice, and the Welfare State sets up a dialogue between work on the ethic of care and studies of public care in practice. White argues that care as it is currently institutionalized often both assumes and perpetuates dependency and so paternalistic relationships of authority. Better public care requires that such paternalistic practices be challenged. Care appropriate to a democratic context must itself be a democratic practice.

The Work of Politics

Author : Steven Klein
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-09-24
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9781108478625

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Book The Work of Politics Description/Summary:

This theoretically innovative book shows how democratic social movements can use the welfare state to challenge domination in society.

Nationalism and Democracy in the Welfare State

Author : Kettunen, Pauli,Pellander, Saara,Tervonen, Miika
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2022-01-11
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 9781788976589

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Book Nationalism and Democracy in the Welfare State Description/Summary:

This multidisciplinary book unpacks and outlines the contested roles of nationalism and democracy in the formation and transformation of welfare-state institutions and ideologies. At a time when neo-liberal, post-national and nationalist visions alike have challenged democratic welfare nationalism, the book offers a transnational historical perspective to the political dynamics of current changes. While particularly focusing on Nordic countries, often seen as the quintessential ‘models’ of the welfare state, the book collectively sheds light on the ‘history of the present’ of nation states bearing the character of a welfare state.

Welfare State and Democracy in Crisis

Author : Theodore Pelagidis,Louka T. Katseli,John Milios
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2018-02-06
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 9781351788403

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Book Welfare State and Democracy in Crisis Description/Summary:

This title was first published in 2001. Investigating the consequences of restrictive austerity policies and the downsizing of the welfare state this edited collection reflects on possible ways out by analyzing economic developments, social conflicts, legal forms and the prevailing directions of economic policy. According to official figures, around 9.5 per cent of the working population of the European Union is unemployed. Fifteen million European citizens are officially looking for work. In other countries such as the US, the increasing wage inequality has marginalized large parts of the population. The precipitous rise in unemployment (mainly in Europe) and income inequality (mainly in the USA) as well as the weakening of democratic and welfare institutions in almost every developed nation have caused huge social and political problems in recent years.

Beyond the Welfare State?

Author : Christopher Pierson
Publisher : Penn State Press
Release : 1998
Category : Social Science
ISBN : 0271018615

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Book Beyond the Welfare State? Description/Summary:

First published in 1991, Beyond the Welfare State? has been thoroughly revised and updated for this new edition, which draws on the latest theoretical developments and empirical evidence. It remains the most comprehensive and sophisticated guide to the condition of the welfare state in a time of rapid and sometimes bewildering change. The opening chapters offer a scholarly but accessible review of competing interpretations of the historical and contemporary roles of the welfare state. This evaluation, based on the most recent empirical research, gives full weight to feminist, ecological, and "anti-racist" critiques and also develops a clear account of globalization and its contested impact upon existing welfare regimes. The book constructs a distinctive history of the international growth of welfare states and offers a comprehensive account of recent developments from "crisis" to "structural adjustment." The final chapters bring the story right up to date with an assessment of the important changes effected in the 1990s and the prospects for welfare states in the new millennium.

How Welfare States Shape the Democratic Public

Author : Staffan Kumlin,Isabelle Stadelmann-Steffen
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2014-01-31
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 9781782545491

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Book How Welfare States Shape the Democratic Public Description/Summary:

Staffan Kumlin and Isabelle Stadelmann-Steffen bring together political scientists and sociologists from different and frequently separated research communities to examine policy feedback in European welfare states. In doing so, they offer a rich menu

Debt, Democracy and the Welfare State

Author : R. Hannesson
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-04-24
Category : Political Science
ISBN : 9781137532008

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Book Debt, Democracy and the Welfare State Description/Summary:

Why is it that government debt in the developed world has risen to world war proportions in a time of peace? This can largely be attributed to governments maintaining welfare expenditures beyond what tax revenues allow. But will these governments refrain from doing what is necessary for economic growth for fear of losing their electorate?

Democracy, Capitalism, and the Welfare State

Author : Peter C. Caldwell
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2019-03-14
Category : History
ISBN : 9780192570529

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Book Democracy, Capitalism, and the Welfare State Description/Summary:

Democracy, Capitalism, and the Welfare State investigates political thought under the conditions of the postwar welfare state, focusing on the Federal Republic of Germany (1949-1989). The volume argues that the welfare state informed and altered basic questions of democracy and its relationship to capitalism. These questions were especially important for West Germany, given its recent experience with the collapse of capitalism, the disintegration of democracy, and National Socialist dictatorship after 1930. Three central issues emerged. First, the development of a nearly all-embracing set of social services and payments recast the problem of how social groups and interests related to the state, as state agencies and affected groups generated their own clientele, their own advocacy groups, and their own expert information. Second, the welfare state blurred the line between state and society that is constitutive of basic rights and the classic world of liberal freedom; rights became claims on the state, and social groups became integral parts of state administration. Third, the welfare state potentially reshaped the individual citizen, who became wrapped up with mandatory social insurance systems, provisioning of money and services related to social needs, and the regulation of everyday life. Peter C. Caldwell describes how West German experts sought to make sense of this vast array of state programs, expenditures, and bureaucracies aimed at solving social problems. Coming from backgrounds in politics, economics, law, social policy, sociology, and philosophy, they sought to conceptualize their state, which was now social (one German word for the welfare state is indeed Sozialstaat), and their society, which was permeated by state policies.