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Naturalism and Religion

Author : Kai Nielsen
Publisher : Prometheus Books
Release : 2001
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9781615927579


Book Naturalism and Religion Description/Summary:

This is an ambitious project....Perhaps the book's most valuable contribution is the way it reminds us of...earlier conceptions of naturalism and demonstrates how these views can be used to address contemporary issues.... For those interested in confronting the challenges that face contemporary naturalism there is much here to explore. -Philosophical InvestigationsThis elucidation and defense of naturalism argues that an uncompromising secular orientation is the best framework for the search for meaning and interprets religion in purely naturalistic terms. Part One seeks to demonstrate that religious symbols arise from facts about human beings and the societies in which they live, specifically our needs, fears, and aspirations. Part Two examines arguments for and against naturalism, including the defenses of naturalism by Sidney Hook, Ernest Nagel, Antony Flew, and critical reactions to their views. The forceful and rigorously analytical case made by Jean Hampton against naturalism is also examined, resulting in a clarification of the substantial and sound methodological grounds for naturalism and atheism. Part Three considers the strongest intellectual challenge to secularism and naturalism, namely that of Ludwig Wittgenstein and some of his followers - Norman Malcolm, D. Z. Phillips, Hilary Putnam, Rush Rhees, and Peter Winch.Nielsen concludes that none of these critiques diminish the cogency and viability of naturalism as the most reasonable basis for viewing our world today.

Atheism and Naturalism

Author : Nicholas Covington
Publisher :
Release : 2010-04-12
Category : Uncategorized
ISBN : 9780557070466


Book Atheism and Naturalism Description/Summary:

Have you ever wondered what Atheists believe? You know what they DON'T believe in, but what positive beliefs do they have?Are you an atheist who wants to fully explore the philosophical and scientific issues surrounding your worldview?In either case, this book is for you. This book explores the arguments for God, why they fail, the arguments against God, and argues that Nature is all that exists (Naturalism). This book covers everything from Meaning and Morality to Creationism and Evolution.

A Companion to Atheism and Philosophy

Author : Graham Oppy
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-03-22
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9781119119227


Book A Companion to Atheism and Philosophy Description/Summary:

Philosophers throughout history have debated the existence of gods, but it is only in recent years that the absence of such a belief has become a significant topic of philosophical analysis, in particular for philosophers of religion. Although it is difficult to trace the historical contours of atheism as the lack of belief in a higher power, the reasoned, reflective, and thoughtful rejection of theism has become commonplace in many modern intellectual circles, including academic philosophy where disciplinary data indicates that a large majority of philosophers self-identify as atheists. As the first book of its kind to bring together a collection of writing on the philosophical aspects of atheism both historical and contemporary, the Companion to Atheism and Philosophy stages an explicit, constructive, and comprehensive conversation between philosophy and atheism to examine the ways in which atheist thought intersects with ideas and positions from a variety of philosophical and theological sub-disciplines. The Companion begins by addressing the foundational questions and lingering controversies which underpin philosophical thought about atheism, exploring the implications of major developments in the history of philosophy for the modern atheistic worldview. Divided into eight distinct sections, essays consider a range of thinkers who were widely believed to have been atheists—including David Hume, Mary Wollstonecraft, Karl Marx, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton—and survey different kinds of objections to theism and atheism, including logical, evidential, normative, and prudential. Later chapters trace the relationship between atheism and metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, and political philosophy oriented around topics such as pragmatism, postmodernism, freedom, education, violence, and happiness. Deftly curated and thoughtfully composed, A Companion to Atheism and Philosophy is the most ambitious and authoritative account of philosophical thinking on atheism available, and is a first-rate resource for academics, professionals, and students of philosophy, religious studies, and theology.

The Particle at the End of the Universe

Author : Sean M. Carroll
Publisher : Dutton
Release : 2013
Category : Science
ISBN : 9780142180303


Book The Particle at the End of the Universe Description/Summary:

Examines the effort to discover the Higgs boson particle by tracing the development and use of the Large Hadron Collider and how its findings are dramatically shaping scientific understandings while enabling world-changing innovations.

The Cambridge Companion to Science and Religion

Author : Peter Harrison
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010-06-24
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9780521712514


Book The Cambridge Companion to Science and Religion Description/Summary:

This book explores the historical relations between science and religion and discusses contemporary issues with perspectives from cosmology, evolutionary biology and bioethics.

A Sociological Study of Atheism and Naturalism as Minority Identities in Appalachia

Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
Category : Uncategorized
ISBN : OCLC:610594481


Book A Sociological Study of Atheism and Naturalism as Minority Identities in Appalachia Description/Summary:

This qualitative study aims to provide a sociological understanding of people who hold minority beliefs about spirituality and religion and to improve our sociological and social-psychological understanding of a-religious and alternatively religious people. Data were collected through indepth interviews with 10 atheist and 11 naturalist respondents. The study examines the religious histories of the respondents, how they left mainstream religion, how they adopted a minority identity with regard to religion/spirituality, and their personal experiences living in a predominately Christian area. I hypothesized that atheists and naturalists would hold minority identities and feel subordinated or oppressed by the dominant group: Christians. Analyses of interviews provided strong support for the idea that the respondents experienced a minority identity in the sociological sense.

Sense and Goodness Without God

Author : Richard Carrier
Publisher : AuthorHouse
Release : 2005-02-23
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 1452059268


Book Sense and Goodness Without God Description/Summary:

If God does not exist, then what does? Is there good and evil, and should we care? How do we know what’s true anyway? And can we make any sense of this universe, or our own lives? Sense and Goodness answers all these questions in lavish detail, without complex jargon. A complete worldview is presented and defended, covering every subject from knowledge to art, from metaphysics to morality, from theology to politics. Topics include free will, the nature of the universe, the meaning of life, and much more, arguing from scientific evidence that there is only a physical, natural world without gods or spirits, but that we can still live a life of love, meaning, and joy.

The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science

Author : Philip Clayton,Zachary Simpson
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release : 2006
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 0199279276


Book The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Science Description/Summary:

The field of `science and religion' is exploding in popularity among both academics and the reading public. This is a comprehensive and authoritative introduction to the debate, written by the leading experts yet accessible to the general reader.

Atheism: A Very Short Introduction

Author : Julian Baggini
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2003-06-26
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 0192804243


Book Atheism: A Very Short Introduction Description/Summary:

Do you think of atheists as immoral pessimists who live their lives without meaning, purpose, or values? Think again! Atheism: A Very Short Introduction sets out to dispel the myths that surround atheism and show how a life without religious belief can be positive, meaningful, and moral.

The Oxford Handbook of Atheism

Author : Stephen Bullivant,Michael Ruse
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2013-11-21
Category : Religion
ISBN : 9780191667404


Book The Oxford Handbook of Atheism Description/Summary:

Recent books by, among others, Sam Harris, Richard Dawkins, and Christopher Hitchens have thrust atheism firmly into the popular, media, and academic spotlight. This so-called New Atheism is arguably the most striking development in western socio-religious culture of the past decade or more. As such, it has spurred fertile (and often heated) discussions both within, and between, a diverse range of disciplines. Yet atheism, and the New Atheism, are by no means co-extensive. Interesting though it indeed is, the New Atheism is a single, historically and culturally specific manifestation of positive atheism (the that there is/are no God/s), which is itself but one form of a far deeper, broader, and more significant global phenomenon. The Oxford Handbook of Atheism is a pioneering edited volume, exploring atheism—understood in the broad sense of 'an absence of belief in the existence of a God or gods'—in all the richness and diversity of its historical and contemporary expressions. Bringing together an international team of established and emerging scholars, it probes the varied manifestations and implications of unbelief from an array of disciplinary perspectives (philosophy, history, sociology, anthropology, demography, psychology, natural sciences, gender and sexuality studies, literary criticism, film studies, musicology) and in a range of global contexts (Western Europe, North America, post-communist Europe, the Islamic world, Japan, India). Both surveying and synthesizing previous work, and presenting the major fruits of innovative recent research, the handbook is set to be a landmark text for the study of atheism.

Religion and Scientific Naturalism

Author : David Ray Griffin
Publisher : SUNY Press
Release : 2000-05-18
Category : Science
ISBN : 0791445631


Book Religion and Scientific Naturalism Description/Summary:

Articulates a metaphysical position capable of rendering both science and religious experience simultaneously and mutually intelligible.

Between Naturalism and Religion

Author : Jürgen Habermas
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-11-06
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9780745694603


Book Between Naturalism and Religion Description/Summary:

Two countervailing trends mark the intellectual tenor of our age – the spread of naturalistic worldviews and religious orthodoxies. Advances in biogenetics, brain research, and robotics are clearing the way for the penetration of an objective scientific self-understanding of persons into everyday life. For philosophy, this trend is associated with the challenge of scientific naturalism. At the same time, we are witnessing an unexpected revitalization of religious traditions and the politicization of religious communities across the world. From a philosophical perspective, this revival of religious energies poses the challenge of a fundamentalist critique of the principles underlying the modern Wests postmetaphysical understanding of itself. The tension between naturalism and religion is the central theme of this major new book by Jürgen Habermas. On the one hand he argues for an appropriate naturalistic understanding of cultural evolution that does justice to the normative character of the human mind. On the other hand, he calls for an appropriate interpretation of the secularizing effects of a process of social and cultural rationalization increasingly denounced by the champions of religious orthodoxies as a historical development peculiar to the West. These reflections on the enduring importance of religion and the limits of secularism under conditions of postmetaphysical reason set the scene for an extended treatment the political significance of religious tolerance and for a fresh contribution to current debates on cosmopolitanism and a constitution for international society.

Where the Conflict Really Lies

Author : Alvin Plantinga
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2011-08-01
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9780199812103


Book Where the Conflict Really Lies Description/Summary:

In this long-awaited book, pre-eminent analytical philosopher Alvin Plantinga argues that the conflict between science and theistic religion is actually superficial, and that at a deeper level they are in concord.


Author : Stewart Goetz,Charles Taliaferro
Publisher : Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
Release : 2008-04-29
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9780802807687


Book Naturalism Description/Summary:

Argues against naturalism, or the idea that natural physical processes explain everything, the mind and soul do not exist, and consciousness and causality may have no basis, and suggests that it does not account for human--or any--action.

God, Value, and Nature

Author : Fiona Ellis
Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
Release : 2014
Category : Religion
ISBN : 9780198714125


Book God, Value, and Nature Description/Summary:

Many philosophers believe that God has been put to rest. Naturalism is the default position, and the naturalist can explain what needs to be explained without recourse to God. This book agrees that we should be naturalists, but it rejects the more prevalent scientific naturalism in favour of an 'expansive' naturalism inspired by David Wiggins and John McDowell. Fiona Ellis draws on a wide range of thinkers from theology and philosophy, andspans the gulf between analytic and continental philosophy. She tackles various philosophical problems including the limits of nature and the status of value; some theological problems surrounding thenatural/ supernatural relation, the Incarnation, and the concept of myth; and offers a model to comprehend the relation between philosophy and theology.

Nature Is Enough

Author : Loyal Rue
Publisher : SUNY Press
Release : 2011-11-01
Category : Philosophy
ISBN : 9781438438016


Book Nature Is Enough Description/Summary:

Claims that the natural world, as opposed to a supernatural realm, can inspire a religious sensibility and a conviction that life is meaningful.

Reenchantment without Supernaturalism

Author : David Ray Griffin
Publisher : Cornell University Press
Release : 2018-08-06
Category : Religion
ISBN : 9781501725241


Book Reenchantment without Supernaturalism Description/Summary:

The process philosophy of Alfred North Whitehead and Charles Hartshorne has made many distinctive contributions to the philosophy of religion. David Ray Griffin now offers the first full-scale philosophy of religion written from this perspective, discussing such topics as the relationship between science and religion, the validity of religious experience, the nature and existence of God, religious pluralism, creation and evolution, and the problem of evil. Griffin's clear and comprehensive book also serves as a valuable introduction to process philosophy itself. In his vigorous defense of a worldview that is fully naturalistic and fully religious, Griffin shows not only how this position reconciles naturalism with freedom, genuine religious experience, and even life after death, but also how its naturalistic theism "reenchants" the world in the sense of providing cosmic support for moral values. Highly original and sometimes controversial, Griffin's book develops its stance in conversation with influential proponents of other philosophical positions, including William P. Alston, Jürgen Habermas, John Hick, Colin McGinn, Alvin Plantinga, Hilary Putnam, Willard Quine, Ninian Smart, Jeffrey Stout, and Bernard Williams.

Naturalism, Theism and the Cognitive Study of Religion

Author : Aku Visala
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-04-22
Category : Religion
ISBN : 9781317089612


Book Naturalism, Theism and the Cognitive Study of Religion Description/Summary:

This book provides a critical philosophical analysis of the claim that contemporary cognitive approaches to religion undermine theistic beliefs. Recent scientific work into the evolution and cognition of religion has been driven by and interpreted in terms of a certain kind of philosophical and methodological naturalism. The book argues that such naturalism is not necessary for the cognitive study of religion and develops an alternative philosophical and methodological framework. This alternative framework opens the cognitive study of religion to theological and philosophical considerations and clarifies its relationship to other approaches to religious phenomena. This unique contribution to discussions regarding the philosophical and theological implications of the cognitive study of religion summarizes the so far fragmentary discussion, exposes its underlying assumptions, and develops a novel framework for further discussion.

The Sacred Cosmos

Author : Terence L. Nichols
Publisher : Wipf and Stock Publishers
Release : 2009-01-07
Category : Religion
ISBN : 9781725224940


Book The Sacred Cosmos Description/Summary: